|Skarżysko-Kamienna, Skarzysko Kamienna, Skarzhisk, Skarzysko, Kamienna-Skarzhisko, Kamenna-Skarzhisko, Каменне, Скаржиско-Каменн: świętokrzyskie|
Alternate names: Skarżysko-Kamienna, Skarzysko Kamienna, Skarzhisk, Skarzysko, Kamienna-Skarzhisko, Kamenna-Skarzhisko, Каменне / Скаржиско-Каменна, 51°07' N, 20°54' E, 22 miles NNE of Kielce, 23 miles SSW of Radom. 1900 Jewish population: 329.
Yizkors: Skarzysko-Kamienna sefer zikaron (Tel Aviv, 1973)
Zakhor: yad le-kehilat kedoshe Skarzysko Kamienna (Tel Aviv, 1997).
This town in northern Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship by Kamienna river to the north of Świętokrzyskie Mountains; one of the voivodship's major towns. Prior to 1928, it bore the name of Kamienna; in less formal contexts usually only the first part of the name (Skarżysko) is used. A Jewish community was organized on the eve of World War I. In 1921 1,590 Jews (20%) engaged in hide processing, shoemaking, mechanics, and dyeing. In 1940, Germans mass executions of Poles killed 360 people in February and 760 in June). In 1942, the Germans set up a forced labor camp for the Jews, killing tens of thousands. In summer 1944, the camp was liquidated and the remaining prisoners either killed or transported to Buchenwald in Germany. On January 18, 1945 the town was liberated. The few Jewish survivors returned to the town, but local Polish threatened their lives. In February 1946 ,five Jewish residents were murdered by local Polish men including the head of the police and another policeman, who were put to trial in Lodz. Three got the death penalty. The remaining Jews left Poland. [July 2009]
JOWBR: Jewish Cemetery.
Cemetery: photos. [July 2009]
US Commission No. POCE00278
The town is in Kielce region at 51º08N 20º52E, 144 km from Warsaw. The cemetery is on Lyzwy Street near the municipal cemetery. Present town population is 25,000-100,000 with no Jews.
The unlocked cemetery key [sic] is at the town office above. There is no caretaker.
Dr. Adam Penkalla, deceased, visited site and completed survey [date?]. Documentation: his own and that of R. Saks, and Folks-Sztyme 30 V 1987, p. 12-11.
|Last Updated on Sunday, 03 March 2013 16:37|