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SIEDLCE: Mazowieckie [Shedlitz, Sedlets, PDF Print E-mail

Coat of arms of Siedlce Alternate names: Shedlitz שעדלעץ / שעדליץ [jidysz], Sedlets Седльце / Седлец [j rosyjski]. 52.16° N / 22.29. 2013 population: 764,383. Siedlce lies between two small rivers, the Muchawka and the Helenka, along European route E30. The seat of a Roman Catholic Diocese of Siedlce.

Cemetery photos. Video. Restoration story with photos: Volunteers salvaged matsevot at 14 Pilsudski Street that were located inside of the building's gate and took them to Siedlce Jewish cemetery. The matsevot laid face up during those years lost inscripions. Stones were identified as matsevot by the graver's marking visible on the opposite side of matsevot. Article also mentioned name of Jewish paver, Jontel Goldman who after WWII was removing matsevot from the Siedlce pavements and caried them to the Jewish cemetery. Article also mentioned that the next action related to the removal of matsevot from Siedlce -Chodow road were on biking trail planned for constructiion. (Chodow is located 4.5 miles NW from Siedlce on the main road to Sokolow Podlaski.) [February 2010]

Yizkor. [September 2010]

(The Jews in Siedlce 1850-1945)

Virtual Jewish World [June 2014]

Virtual Shtetl [June 2014]

Jewish Families of Bacau [June 2014]

CEMETERIES:

  1. OLDEST CEMETERY: Located on the streets of the square between Żydowską, Długą and Starym Rynkiem streets (today's ul. Biskupa Świrskiego, ul. Berka Joselewicza and ul. Józefa Pilsudski). Although the date of its establishment is unknown, at the start of WWII, the cemetery had a matzevah from 1630. The cemetery was used until the end of the 18th century and survived to WWII.
  2. OLD CEMETERY: The second Jewish cemetery was established in the first half of the eighteenth century between the current ul. Armii Krajowej, ul. Armii Krajowej, ul. Henryk Sienkiewicz, and ul. Kazimierza Pulaski. The Nazis destroyed the cemetery leaving only a piece of cemetery wall.
  3. NEW CEMETERY: Probably established in 1807 or 1825 on ul Szkolnej. Kopówka, although the kahal bought the 3 ha of land twenty years later. Hundreds of graves, possibly 1,000, the oldest of which dates from 1855, were in the cemetery when the Nazis executed Jews here and burned their victims. In 1942, dozens of Jews were brought to the cemetery by SS-Mani who gave them five minutes to strip naked before being shot. After another execution, a toddler wandered around shrieking for the mother. In total, an estimated 3,000 victims of the Holocaust are buried here including 39 Jewish Red Army soldiers from in the camp in Jeniecki. One year after liberation, the few survivors gathered at the site of the mass to unveil a memorial monument and brick wall. The last burial at the cemetery took place in 1962. A lapidarium was built in 1987-1989, matzevot reset, wall repaired, and a new gate built. The site was landmarked in 1993. In 2009, a tablet was placed on gate commemorating Siedlce Jews by the Foundation for Protection of Jewish Heritage and Jews in Warsaw gmina, Wyznaniową. School students tend the cemetery. The access road to the cemetery has a sign with a Mogen David. Photos. [June 2009]

 

US Commission No. POCE000579

Siedlce is located in Siedlechie province, 62 km from Warsaw and 130 km from Lublin. The cemetery is located on Szkolna Street. Present town population is 25,000-100,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.

  • Town: Urzad Miasta, Skwer Niepodlegtosa 2, tel. 220-31 and Archiwun Panstwowe, ul. 1 Maja 2, tel. 225-74.
  • Key (not caretaker): Przedsiebiorstwo Gospodarki Komunalnej [Workshop for Communal Administration], ul. Pilsudskiego 96.
  • Interested: Izaak Halber, ul. Pilsudskiego 39, tel. 229-87; Wojwodzki Konserwator Zabytkow Siedlce, ul. Zbrojna 3, Siedlce; tel. no. 394-58; Edward Kopowka, ul. Kazimierzowska 24; and Biblioteka Miejska [City Library], ul. Pilsudskiego 3.

The Jewish community dates from first half of 17th century. 1939Jewish population was 15,250. The city had a pogrom in 1906.The Jewish cemetery was established in 1807 with last known burial (Berman) in 1988. Unlandmarked but is a concern of the conservator. The isolated urban flat land has a Polish sign. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is entirely closed with a partial masonry wall and locking gate. The size today and before WWII was 3.0 hectare. 500-5000 stones are visible with 100-500 in original position and fewer than 50%-75% toppled or broken. Tombstones date from the 19th-20th centuries. The marble, granite and sandstone rough stones/boulders, flat-shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, or flat stones with carved relief decoration have Yiddish inscriptions. The cemetery contains special memorial monuments to Holocaust victims. No known mass graves. Municipality owns property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are agricultural and residential. Occasionally, private visitors stop. The cemetery was vandalized during WWII. Local/municipal authorities cleared vegetation and fixed wall and gate in 1987-9. Authorities occasionally clear or clean. No structures. Weather erosion is a moderate threat. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access.

Cezary Osta [no longer lives there] completed survey on 23 Nov 1992. Documentation: Cezary Ostas and St. Fiedorczuk at the conservator's office in Siedlce, Project for cemetery area arrangement, and Monument to the Martyrdom of Jewish Nation in Siedlce by Witold Sobczyk, 1961 found in the conservator's office in Siedlce. He interviewed Izaak Halber and Edward Kopowka in Siedlce on 20 Nov 1992 and visited site on 23 Nov 1992.

This section contradicts the Commission survey. In the summer of 1995, we visited Siedlce. We found the gates to the cemetery wide open. In the middle of the cemetery we found a mass grave for hundreds of Jews from Siedlce and surrounding towns. Marking the grave is a huge round stone inscribed in Hebrew, Yiddish, and Polish. Date of burial was 1946. Earlier that day, we met with Edward Kopowka at the local museum, who showed us post-war photographs of local streets paved with stones removed from the cemetery. He told us that a Jewish man by the name of Gotman collected and returned them to the cemetery. We also saw pictures of caskets full of skeletons collected by the same man. Those caskets were buried at the mass grave. I took many pictures of the cemetery. I also have a picture of the cemetery dated 1920. Source: Sara Mages; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it [date?]

Last Updated on Monday, 09 June 2014 15:58
 
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