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Alternate names: Przytyk [Pol], Pshitik, פשיטיק [Yid], Pshityk, Пшитык [Rus], Pshitikhl. 51°28' N, 20°54' E, 11 miles WNW of Radom. 1900 Jewish population: 1,504. Yizkor: Sefer Przytyk, (Tel Aviv, 1973). Gmina Przytyk is a rural administrative district in Radom powiat, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland with its seat is the village of Przytyk, 20 km (12 mi) W of Radom and 84 km (52 mi) S of Warsaw. The gmina 2006  population was 7,067. Gmina Przytyk contains the villages and settlements of Dęba, Domaniów, Duży Las, Gaczkowice, Glinice, Goszczewice, Jabłonna, Jadwinów, Jagodno, Kaszewska Wola, Kolonia Zameczek, Krzyszkowice, Maksymilianów, Młódnice, Mścichów, Oblas, Oblas-Leśniczówka, Ostrołęka, Podgajek, Posada, Potkanna, Przytyk, Sewerynów, Słowików, Stary Młyn, Stefanów, Studzienice, Suków, Sukowska Wola, Witoldów, Wola Wrzeszczowska, Wólka Domaniowska, Wrzeszczów, Wrzos, Wygnanów, Zameczek, Żerdź and Żmijków. Town website with history. The Przytyk Pogrom. Legend has it that Casimir the Great imprisoned Jews here to obtain a supplier of honey for the royal tables. The first documentation of Jewish presence comes only from the second half of 17th century, but in 1827, 1,060 Jews (86.2%) grew only to 1,205 in 1921 (89.5%) as a result of the bad economy after WWI and immigration to America. During the March 9, 1936 Fair, riots damaged Jewish shops and homes as the Jewish self-defense force responded with fire. Many Jews were beaten, two killed, and Poles wounded. On March 5, 1941, about 3,500 Jews including locals and many from other cities were moved elsewhere due to Nazi military authority.

CEMETERY: The 0.5 ha Jewish cemetery located on the edge of the forest on the left side of Przytyk-Radom road was established in second half of 17th century. Sequestered in the woods on the banks of the river Radomki on the left side of the road to Radom. For many years, Jews from other locations including Radom used this cemetery dominated by rows of single graves as well as double graves of relatives. The gravestones have complete arches with different shapes decorating panels of era-characteristic architectural elements and exceptionally skilled and artistic sepulchral stonework of Art Nouveau elements like plants. Inscriptions are extensive in Hebrew lettering characteristic for this region. Unique is double matzevah of rabbis Zajnwela Samuel and his son Jechackiela Zelig with contains many symbols characteristic of Jewish tombstones, a heavily carved curtain with hands holding a pitcher and bowl. The only preserved signature indicates the mason A. Wajsberga Dadima Finkli. The cemetery was damaged in the Holocaust, but permanently destroyed in the postwar period. An inventory done in 1979-1980 noted thirty matzevot. A few years later either ten or twenty were visible. An old brick fence encircled tombs of victims of the 1936 pogrom, Chaya Minkowskie Joska and her son. The Jewish cemetery is deteriorating. Soon the forest will claim every trace of it if no restoration is performed. Photos- This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . Photos. [June 2009]

US Commission No. POCE000084

Przytyk is in Radomskie province at 51º38N 20º57E, 17 km from Radom. Present population is 1000-5000 with no Jews. The cemetery is not far from main road to Radom.

  • Town: Wojt Gminy, 26-650 Przytyk, tel. 87.
  • Regional: region Konserwator Zabytkow, 26-600 Radom, ul. Moniuszki 5a, tel. 2-13-16.

The Jewish community and Orthdox and Conservative cemetery were established about 1676. 1921 Jewish population was 1205 (89.5%). A significant event was "Przytyk Pogrom". The last known Jewish burial was in 1942. Landmark: regional monument through region Konserwa tor Zabytkow w Radomni /V.11/. The isolated wooded flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning off the public road, access is open to all with no wall, fence, or gate. Before WWII the size was 1.0 ha and now is.5 ha. 1-20 sandstone flat shaped, finely smoothed and inscribed stone, flat stones with carved relief decoration, or double tombstones, in original locations and less than 25% toppled or broken, date from 1770-20th century. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces. Inscriptions are in Hebrew and/or Yiddish. No known mass graves or structures. A national government site now owns site used for grazing land and playground. The size of the site has been reduced as a result of agriculture. Occasionally, private Jewish visitors and local residents stop. The cemetery was vandalized during WorldWar II, but not in the last ten years. No maintenance. Vandalism is a very serious threat. Moderate threats include uncontrolled access, weather erosion, vegetation disturbing stones, incompatible development but most seriously, vandalism. The cemetery was vandalized frequently, according to local residents, but records of the incidents were not kept.

Adam Penkalla, deceased, completed survey 12 August, 1991 after a site visit. Documentation: A. Penkalla, "Cmentarz zydowski w Przytyk, Biuletyn Zydow skiego Histytntn Historyycznego w Poisce", 1-2 (1984), 175-182.

Last Updated on Sunday, 28 June 2009 20:44
 
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