|MICHALOWO: Podlaskie [Michalova, Michałowo , Nezbodka, Michałowo-Niezbudka., ikhalovo, Mikhalovah ,|
Alternate names: Michałowo [Pol], Michalova, מיכאלובה [Yid], Mikhalovo, Михалово [Rus], Mikhalovah [Heb], Nezbodka, Michałowo-Niezbudka. 53°02' N, 23°36' E, 20 miles ESE of Białystok. 1900 Jewish population: 1,033. Yizkor: Ayarati Mikhalovah: pirke havai be-haye ayarah Yehudit (Tel Aviv, 1975). Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego (1880-1902), VI, p. 309: "Michałowo". This town in Białystok powiat, Podlaskie Voivodeship in NE Poland close to the border with Belarus is the seat of the administrative district called Gmina Michałowo, 31 km (19 mi) E of the regional capital Białystok. From 1975 to 1998 it was part of Białystok Voivodeship. With a population of 3,343, Michałowo received its town rights on 1 January 2009. 732 Jews lived there before WWII, the majority of the population. [June 2009]
Alternate name: Niezbudka (Russian). Michalowo is located in Bialystok, 53º02 23º36, 38 km from Bialystok, 10 km S of Grodek . The cemetery is located in W part of town by the road to Zednie. Present population is 1,000-5,000 without Jews.
The earliest known Jewish community was beginning of the 19th century. 1937 Jewish population (census) was 732. The Orthodox, Conservative, and Progressive/Reform Jewish cemetery was established at the beginning of the 19th century with last known Jewish burial in 1941. Living here were Rabbi Natan Nate Kamchi and Rabbi Saul Margolis. Surrounding villages up to 15 kms away also used this cemetery. The isolated wooded flat land near fields has no sign or marker. Reached by crossing private property, access to the cemetery is open to all without wall or gate. The approximate size of the cemetery before WWII was 0.50 hectares and now is 0.10 hectares. The decrease results from agriculture. Less 20 gravestones, with fewer than 25% toppled or broken, date from 19th century. The sandstone and slate rough stones or boulders have Hebrew inscriptions. The cemetery contains no mass graves. The municipality owns property used for agriculture and waste dump. Properties adjacent are agricultural. Rarely, local residents stop. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II and occasionally thereafter. No maintenance. Security, weather erosion, and vegetation are moderate threats to the cemetery.
Tomasz Wisniewski, ul. Bema 95/99, Bialystok completed survey on 08/09/1991. He visited the site in 1989.
NOTE: Wisniewski notes in his book A Guide to Jewish Bialystok that intermarriage was common among the Jewish and German Christians. He also states that the cemetery is off Zednia road about 1.5 km from town, At the Majdan sign, turn right and go into the forest. The road stops before reaching the cemetery. The 50 remaining gravestones are among pine trees of Knyszyn Forest. He also states that Dr. Leszek Nos at 2 Szkolna Street is the local historian with more information about the Jewish population. 
|Last Updated on Saturday, 03 January 2015 22:32|