Alternate names: Markuszów, Markushev, Markushov. 51°22' N, 22°16' E, Hurbana u-gevurata shel ha-ayara Markuszow, (Tel Aviv, 1955). Gmina Markuszów is a rural administrative district in Puławy County, Lublin Voivodeship in eastern Poland with its seat in the village of Markuszów, 22 km (14 mi) E of Puławy and 25 km (16 mi) NW of the regional capital Lublin. The 2006 total population was 3,010 with a village population of about 2,000. Gmina Markuszów contains the villages and settlements of Bobowiska, Góry, Kaleń, Kolonia Góry, Łany, Markuszów, Olempin, Olszowiec, Wólka Kątna and Zabłocie. The Judenradt warned the community of the impending aktionon May 7, 1942. Four young Jews led an escape (Shlomo Goldwasser, Mordechai Kirshenbaum, and the brothers Yaakov and Yerucham Gothelf) to the partisans. A small slave labor camp for Jews, Czechs, and Poles existed in the village. Of the 150 inmates, 49 were shot. Photos. [June 2009]
New Cemetery: Located in eastern part of the settlement, 300 meters east of the pond on ulica Krancowa, the 0.5 ha cemetery was established in the beginning of 19th century. About 20 tombstones are visible. [June 2009]
Old Cemetery: Llocated about 50 meters east from the market square, the 0.10 ha cemetery was established in the end of 17th century. After WWII, no trace left. Photos.
MARKUSZOW (I): US Commission No. POCE000635
(Alternate name: Markushev in Yiddish) Markuszow (I), the old cemetery, is located in Lublin at 51º23 22º16, 26 km E of Lublin. Cemetery location: 50 m E of the market square. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 without Jews.
The earliest known Jewish community was the end of 17th century. 1921 Jewish population (census) was 1001 (54%). The Orthodox Jewish cemetery was established the end of 17th century with last burial in beginning of 19th century. The isolated urban flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all without wall or gate. The size of the cemetery before WWII was.1 hectare. There are no gravestones or mass graves. The municipality owns property. The site has been developed as a firehouse and Commune's office. Properties adjacent are residential. The cemetery property is not visited. The cemetery was vandalized during WWII. No maintenance or care. The cemetery no longer exists.
Pawel Sygowski, ul. Kalinowszuzyzna 64/59, 20-201 Lublin, tel. 77-20-78 visited site and completed survey in 1993. Interviews were conducted.
MARKUSZOW (II): US Commission No.POCE000187
Markuszow (II), the new cemetery: see Markuszow (I) town information. Cemetery location: 500 meters SE of market square.
The Orthodox Jewish cemetery was established in beginning of 19th century with last burial in 1942. The isolated suburban agricultural flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by crossing Lachy St., then across private crops, access is open to all with a broken masonry wall without gate. The size of the cemetery before WWII and now is 0.54 hectares. 20-100 tombstones, all in original locations with less than 25% toppled or broken, date from 1855-20th century. The sandstone and concrete flat stones with carved relief decorations have Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves. Some have traces of painting on their surfaces. The unknown owner uses site as a Jewish cemetery and for waste dump. Properties adjacent are agricultural. Private visitors rarely visit. The cemetery was vandalized after WWII. No maintenance or care. Trees planted were during the 1960's. Security and vandalism are serious threats to the cemetery. Vegetation is a moderate threat. The area is easily accessible and serves for children's playground. The children destroy the gravestones. The E and S parts of the cemetery are overgrown with bushes.
See Markuszow (I) for survey information.
|Last Updated on Monday, 15 June 2009 12:29|