Alternate names: Krynica [Pol], Krenitz, קריניצה זדרוי [Yid], Krynica-Zdrój, Krinitza, Krynica Górska, Hebrew. 49°26' N, 20°58' E, 18 miles SE of Nowy Sącz, near the Slovak border. Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego (1880-1902), IV, pp. 754-756: "Krynica". Jews lived in Krynica at the end of the 18th century, but a significant development of Jewish settlement occurred in the first half of 19th century. Called "the pearl of Polish spas", Krynica lies on the hills along the valley of the Kryniczanka stream at the eastern end of the Beskid Sadecki range. The spa's history dates back to the 18th century, when the first spa houses were built with historical wooden and brick architecture including pump-rooms, an indoor promenade with a winter garden, and a theatre complex. Many local Jews worked with patients arriving in the city. At the same time, two synagogues were built. Particularly rapid Jewish population growth occurred in 19th and early 20th century. In 1860 and 1880, 30 Jews lived there. In 1870, they were under the Nowy Sacz kahal; and in 1890, 362 Jews lived there. In 1921, 43% were Jewish, 1,023. As a result of the difficult economic situation, the number of Jews had diminished from peak presence. After occupation of the city by the Nazis in 1939, the Jewish population suffered serious repression including forced labor and restricted movement. In the fall of 1940, Krynica Jews were deported to ghettos in Grybów and Nowy Sacz. Most did not survive.[May 2009]
US Commission No. POCE000744
Krynica is located in Nowy Sacz at 49°26' 20°58', 40 km from Nowy Sacz. Cemetery location: ul. Kolejowa. Present town population is 5,000-25,000; under 10 Jews.
Piotr Antoniak, ul Dobra 5 m 36, 05-800 Pruszkow completed survey 10 Sept 1992 and visited site 17 Aug 1992.
BOOK: Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel A Guide to East-Central Europe. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992. p. 76
|Last Updated on Thursday, 11 June 2009 02:43|