Alternate names: Knyszyn [Pol], Knyshin, Кнышин [Rus], Knishin, קנישין [Yid], Knisin, Kniszyn. Jewish population in 1900: 3,542. 53°19' N, 22°55' E, 16 miles NW of Białystok.
This town in NE Poland 16 miles NW of Bialystok is situated in the Podlaskie Voivodeship (since 1999) and was formerly in the Białystok Voivodeship (1975-1998). Gmina Knyszyn is an urban-rural administrative district in Mońki County, Podlaskie Voivodeship in NE Poland with villages and settlements of Chobotki, Czechowizna, Grądy, Guzy, Jaskra, Kalinówka Kościelna, Knyszyn-Cisówka, Knyszyn-Zamek, Lewonie, Nowiny Kasjerskie, Nowiny-Zdroje, Ogrodniki, Poniklica, Prostki, Stoczek, Wodziłówka, Wojtówce and Zofiówka. Formerly a part of Podlachia and for many centuries in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania as the property of Court Marshall of Lithuania Michael Glinski, the town was confiscated and passed to the Grand Chancellor of Lithuania Mikołaj Radziwiłł in 1507. In 1569,the Polish crown annexed it, then Prussia annexed it in 1795. In 1806, Russia annexed it until it was returned to Poland in 1919. From 1939-1941 the Soviet Union controlled the area, then the Nazis. Of Knyszyn's relatively sizeable Jewish population until WWII, only about fifty survived. ShtetLink: "3 acres (heavily wooded/vegetation; on ridges of old manor pools). Matzevot: +500 (300 counted; most with legible inscriptions). Bagnowka.com: Knyszyn Gallery (photographed in 1988, 2001-02, 2005). [October 2000 and May 2009]
JOWBR burial list: Jewish Cemetery.
Located by the river Jaskranką in the former royal ponds [sadzawek] is one of the largest Podlasie cemeteries near Bialystok, Krynek and Sokółki, actually two cemeteries - the "old" established before 1750 and the "new" established in 1930. Kahał books from 1786-97 record the cemetery. A description written by Michael Wroblewski and published in 2004 in Czasopisu says: "The Jews of the growing municipality Knyszyński need a place to bury their dead. They could count only on the ground, and this was the former royal pond, in the mid-seventeenth century. Initially on Groblach land used illegally, but [ignored], not until 1786 was it officially the Knyszyń cemetery. ... Jews received relative autonomy from their parent kahal in Tykociń. Over almost two hundred years of stone gravestones are in the forest, an amazing landscape created in Baroque symbolic scenery. Gravestone styles are very diverse, but traditionally facing east, doubled with reflections in the ponds and a background in the hill..." Between the old and the new Jewish cemetery sections is a mass grave of Jews murdered in the Holocaust. photos YouTube videos of cemetery: VIDEO 1 and VIDEO 2. photo and location.
2007 description, directions, and photos""The Jewish cemetery of Knyszyn is actually situated on the ridges of what were 16th century royal pools of a Polish manor house. The area is pine forest with dense vegetation, muddy, humid with standing water in the pools, thus (seasonally) heavy with mosquitoes and ticks (Images 1, 4-6). It is easy to get lost in the labyrinth of ridges. Most of the matzevoth are in situ, though some are fallen and partially covered with earth or moss, and quite legible (Images 7-11). The inaccessibility of this sight is its preservation, as attempts to remove matzevoth (as did occur at other Jewish cemeteries during and after WWII), would require enormous efforts. The greatest threat to this cemetery is the vegetation and potential for matzevoth to sink into the swampy pools. Note: The visitor should take precautions against the bugs, especially the ticks, certain varieties of which in NE Poland are known to cause serious illness." [April 2009]
I have knowledge of two cemeteries in the area of Knishin (Knycszyn). One is a very small cemetery with about 20 gravestones located just on the outskirts of the village. It is very hard to locate. After much inquiry by a young Polish physician who took us there, we found it behind a wooded area in a meadow so obscurely located that we missed it when we first passed by. Most of the graves appear to be older. There was, however, one obviously more modern gravestone that bore the date in Arabic numerals, 1941. I could make inquiries from one of several people in Poland to determine a name, caretaker, etc. At this point, we have a few photographs and videotape that was sent to us by the Polish physicians who squired us about. The second cemetery is a much larger one containing about 700 graves. Our young Pole did not know of the existence of this cemetery at the time we were there and, consequently, we missed the opportunity to visit it. I do have a map and a list of about 75 names that were translated from the stones by a Polish historian. The name on the map is as follows: ROZWOJ TERYTORLALNY. CMENTARZA ZYDOWSKIEGO W KNYSZYNIE. Submitted by Jackie Ziff to JewishGen Digest. [01-05-2000]
burial list and gravestone photos [August 2014]
burial list [Jan 2015]
US Commission No. POCE000115 Map
|Last Updated on Saturday, 03 January 2015 21:25|