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Poland
POLAND - THE JEWISH COMMUNITY

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Haruth [October 2000]
http://www.jewish.org.pl [December 2000]
http://tbns.net/poljs
Pawel Dorman's Jewish Poland website. He is a professional genealogist [June 2009]

Introduction and General Information

This section contains general information and books about Poland.

Entries indexed below as "US Commission No." refers tp information about individual cemeteries donated by the U.S. Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005; 202-254-3824.

"Urzad" means "office" in Polish. "gmina (district)" is a sub-administrative unit like an uezd or county. "region" is similar to a "province" or guberniya or state. 1 hectare roughly equals about 2 acres.

The Lauder Foundation Genealogy Project at the Jewish Historical Institute of Poland
ULICA Tlomackie 3/5
00-090 Warsaw, Poland
tel/fax: (011-48-22) 625-0400
Director Yale J. Reisner
The foundation has cemetery lists for Kalisz, Bielsko-Biala, Zabrze, Warsaw (only partial), Pilica and several others. The Jewish Historical Institute only produced the Kalisz list in-house. Others produced the others with copies shared with the Institute for reference. HOWEVER, Yale's friend and colleague, Jacek Proszyk, the Bielsko-Biala Jewish community's historian and holder of the index copyright, prepared the Bielsko-Biala list. The Project is a non-profit educational endeavor of the Ronald S. Lauder Foundation, the Jewish Historical Institute Association and the Jewish Historical Research Institute. For Warsaw, the Jewish Historical Institute Archives only have about 4000 names. Warsaw cemetery director Boleslaw Szenicer (Cmentarz Zydowski, ulica Okopowa 49/51, Warszawa, Poland) has over 40,000 names in his database so far. [date?] He welcomes inquiries. The 4000 we have and the 40,000 he has do NOT overlap; however, they are different sections of the cemetery. Source: Yale Reisner.

WORLD WAR I-WAR CEMETERIES:
Erich Fritsch and a friend are documenting Austrian-Hungarian war cemeteries erected in WWI. In doing this, they also found Jewish war cemeteries built by the former K.u.K.Militaerkommando Krakau, Kriegsgraeberabteilung (established in Nov.1915). From 1915 to 1918, this Kriegsgraeberabteilung built 400 cemeteries in Western Galicia (now part of Poland). For Jewish members of the Austro-Hungarian Army d 13 "Kriegerfriedhoefe" (war cemeteries) were erected. They are listed in Die Westgalizischen Heldengraeber aus den Jahren des Weltkrieges 1914-1915 ; edited by Major Rudolf Broch and Hauptmann Hans Hauptmann in Vienna 1918. The registration and page numbers refer to this book. Some of the buildings he has seen are mostly not in a very good shape, ruined by Germans, Poles and overgrowth. Nowadays, Polish authorities try hard to save what is possible. Source: Erich Fritsch

Nr. 107 Biecz 144 3 single and 3 mass graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 132 Bobowa 184 5 single graves and 1 mass grave in Jewish graveyard; Hungarian soldiers
Nr. 313 Bochnia 372 20 single graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 275 Brzesko 334 21 single graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 90 Gorlice 138 6 single graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr.130b Grybow 143 7 single graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 24 Jaslo 104 near the railway station, 9 single graves in Jewish graveyard; grave numbers 1-9
Nr. 372 Myslenice 409 1 mass grave in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 328 Niepolomice 374 1 single grave in Jewish graveyard
Nr 35 Olpiny 104 6 single graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 201 Tarnow 272 43 single graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 162 Tuchow 272 4 single grave in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 293 Zakliczyn 318 12 single graves in Jewish graveyard

REFERENCES
  • Cohen, Chester G. "Jewish Cemeteries in Southern Poland" from `An Epilogue' in Shtetl Finder . 1980.
  • Freedman, Warren. World Guide for the Jewish Traveler . NY: E.P. Dutton Inc, 1984. Extracted by Bernard Kouchel,
  • Krajewska, Monica. A Tribe of Stones, Jewish Cemeteries in Poland . Warsaw: Polish Scientific Publishers, Ltd., 1993.
  • Gostinski, Zalman. Shteiner Dertzeilin [Stones Will Tell]. Paris: ___, 1973. in Yiddish and French. 1961-1967 photographs of a number of Jewish cemeteries in Southern Poland. Surviving synagogues were also photographed. Almost all of the towns visited were in Austrian Galicia in the 19th century.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel A Guide to East-Central Europe . New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992. (pages 14-81 are about Poland).
  • Krajewskae, Monika. Czas Kamieni (Jewish Cemetery Monuments in Poland). Warsaw: Interpress, 1982. 164 pages text in Polish. edited by Anna Kamienska, 164 photos of Jewish cemetery monuments. The photos are indexed with the name of the town where the cemetery is located. Some of the towns included are Szydlowiec, Sieniawa, Lubaczow, Nowy Wisnicz, Bochnia, Lesko, Lodz, Tykocin, Otwock, Krakow, Tarnow, Zwierzyniec, Warsaw, Lublin, Zabno, etc. source: Jewishgen
    The above book (in Polish) lists 890 Jewish cemeteries in contemporary Poland. The book is based on computerized file system the author has built. Each record has such data as location, size, number of existing matzevot, the oldest grave, contact person. Source: Michael Halber
  • Lewin, Louis, 1868-1941 Papers, [ca. 1888-1941] Description: .2 linear ft. Notes: Rabbi, historian. Lewin lived in Poland, Germany, and Palestine. ... and photographs of towns in Poland, cemeteries, synagogues, and unidentified subjects resulting from his research into the history of German and Polish Jews. Of note is a manuscript copy of the diary of Rabbi Yoselmann of Rosheim, as printed in the REVUE DES ETUDES JUIVES (XVI, 1888). YIVO collections are in Yiddish, Russian, Polish, English, Hebrew, and other European and non-European languages. Location: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, New York, NY. Control No.: NXYH89-A645 [December 2000]
  • Lewin, Isaac, collector. Title: Lewin collection, [ca. 1200]-1942, [ca. 1700]-1942 (bulk) Description: ca. 22.5 linear ft. Notes: Contains variety of records of Jewish communities in Central and Eastern Europe especially in Posen, Silesia and other German-speaking areas, including pinkasim (record books) of communities and societies, memorial books with lists of deaths, ..., cemetery registers, society statutes, synagogue seat records, and other documents of communities at Kempen (Kepno, Poland), 1771-1902; Strassnitz (Straznice, Czechoslovakia ?), 1855-1879; Krotoschin (Krotoszyn, Poland), ca. 1832-ca. 1913; Labischin (Labiszyn, Poland); Militsch (Milicz, Poland), ca. 1830-ca. 1900; Fraustadt (Wschowa, Poland), 1835-1887; Rawitsch (Rawicz, Poland), ca. 1838-ca. 1861; Nikolai (Mikolow, Poland), ca. 1849-1898; Myslowitz (Myslowice, Poland), 1810-1852; Schwerin, [Skwierzyna] 1819-1869; Posen (Poznan, Poland), 1535-1538 (copies), 18th century, n.d.; Mecklenburg province, 1760-ca. 1850; Breslau (Wroclaw, Poland), 1808-1844; .. Location: Yeshiva University. Special Collections. Rare Books and Manuscripts, New York, NY. Control No.: NYYH88-A76 [December 2000]
  • Mostowicz, Arnold and Friedman, Michal. Poland, Jewish exhibition catelogmetery in Lodz . 3100, book, 6/18/1997; title:, Oficyna Bibbookofilow Sp. z o.o., 1995, 136 p., ANG/POL, 83-86058-56-0. Source: Daniel Dratwa; The books are among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • Rosenstein, Neil. Polish Jewish Cemeteries 9,9 p. ill.; 22 x 28 cm.; call # DS 135.P6 R67 1983. Source: Pennycandy Jansen; e-mail:
  • They Lived Among Us: Polish Judaica , a travel brochure: Arline Sachs, extracted names of townstaht supposedly having Jewish cemeteries. These generally have names only; sometimes a description of famous people who lived there, but no page number.
  • Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography . Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Poland, Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories . Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc, Secaucus, NJ. Cemeteries are only a tiny part of this book's resources. Contains many cemetery photos.
  • "Cemeteries in Poland", mainly Jewish:  contains information from "The Map of Jews in Poland" with text by Iwona Brzewska and Renata Pitkowska. Translated by Jan K. Milencki. Source: Roman Padula, who also has pictures of a number of cemeteries.
  • JEWISH MILITARY CASUALTIES IN THE POLISH ARMIES IN WORLD WAR II by Eng. Benjamin Meirtchak, President of the Association of Jewish War Veterans of Polish Armies in Israel, the Chairman of the Central Committee of the Association of Disabled Veterans of Fight against Nazism in Israel, and the Secretary General of the Association of Polish Jews in Israel

    . [January 2001]
  • The regional museum in Tarnow has a website in Polish with a section called Judaika Tarnowskie. In this section is an article, in English, called "Jewish War Cemeteries in Western Galicia" written by the museum's director Mr. Adam Bartosz.  [July 2005]
NOTE: Books previously listed as sources for various towns have been cited at the town itself including the citations compiled by Elaine B. Kolinsky for Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel A Guide to East-Central Europe . New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992. [January 2001]
Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
801 MOSINA: Wielkopolskie
802 MOTCHEVITZ: See Maciejowice
803 MRAGOWO: Warmińsko-Mazurskie
804 MROCZA: Kuyavian-Pomerskie
805 MROTSCHEN: see Mrocza
806 MSTOW: śląskie
807 MSZANA DOLNA: Małopolskie
808 MSZCZONOW: Masowieckie
809 MUENSTERBERG: See Ziebice
810 MUROWANA GOSLIN: see Murowana Goslina
811 MUROWANA GOSLINA: Wielkopolskie
812 MURZYNOWO: see Skwierzyna
813 MUSHINA: see Muszyna
814 MUSZYNA: Małopolskie
815 MYSLENICE: Małopolskie
816 MYSLIBORZ: Zachodniopomorskie
817 MYSLOWICE: śląskie
818 MYSLOWITZ: see Myslowice
819 MYSZYNIEC: Mazowieckie
820 NADARZYN: Masovia
821 NAKEL: See Naklo
822 NAKLO: Kuyavian-Pomeranian
823 NAMSLAU: see Namyslow
824 NAMYSLOW: Opolskie
825 NAREW: Grodno
826 NAREWKA: Podlaskie
827 NAROL: Podkarpackie
828 NASIELSK: Masovia
829 NAUGARD: see Nowogard
830 NAZVA: See Narew
831 NEBILITZ: see Niebylec
832 NEIDENBURG: see Nidzica
833 NEISSE: see NYSA
834 NEKLA: See Czerniejewo
835 NETZWALDE: See Rynarzewo
836 NEUBRUECK: see WARTOSLAW
837 NEUDAMM: see Debno
838 NEUENBURG: See Nowe
839 NEUMARK: see Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
840 NEUSTADT 6 PINNE: see Lwowek
841 NEUSTADT: see Wejherowo
842 NEUSTETTIN: see Szczecinek
843 NEUWEDELL: see Drawno
844 NICOLAI: see Mikolow
845 NIDZICA: Warmian-Masurian
846 NIEBYLEC: Podkarpackie
847 NIEDZICA
848 NIEMIROW: Podlaskie
849 NIEPOLOMICE: Małopolskie
850 NIESZAWA: Kujawsko-Pomerskie
851 NIEZBUDKA: see Michalowo
852 NIEZDROWICE: Opolskie
853 NIEZDROWICE: Opolskie see Ujazd
854 NIKOLAIKEN: see Mikolajki
855 NISKO: Podkarpackie
856 NOVA GORICA:
857 NOVI MIASTO, NEISHTAT: see Miasto Nad Pilica
858 NOVOMINSK: see Minsk Mazowiecki
859 NOWA SLUPIA: Świętokrzyskie
860 NOWE BRZESKO: mazowieckie
861 NOWE MIASTO LUBAWSKIE: Warmińsko-Mazurskie
862 NOWE MIASTO NAD PILICA: Masovia
863 NOWE MIASTO: Mazovia
864 NOWE: Kuyavian-Pomeranian
865 NOWOGARD: Podlachia
866 NOWOGRODEK POMORSKI: Zachodnio-Pomorskie
867 NOWOTANIEC: Subcarpathian
868 NOWY DWOR MAZOWIECKI
869 NOWY DWOR:
870 NOWY KORCZYN: Świętokrzyskie
871 NOWY MYSZYNIEC: see Myszyniec
872 NOWY SACZ: Małopolskie
873 NOWY TARG: Małopolskie
874 NOWY WISNICZ: See Wisnicz Nowy
875 NOWY ZMIGROD: Podkarpackie
876 NR 35 OLPINY: see Olpiny
877 NUR: Mazovia
878 NYSA: Opolskie
879 OBERGLOGAU: see Glogowek
880 OBERSITZKO: see Obrzycko
881 OBORNIK: see Oberniki
882 OBORNIKI: Wielkopolskie
883 OBRZYCKO: Wielkopolskie
884 ODOLANOW: Wielkopolskie
885 OGARDY: see Strzelce Krajenskie
886 OKONEK: See Lendyczek
887 OKUNIEW: Masovia
888 OLAWA: Dolnośląskie
889 OLECKO: Warmian-Masurian
890 OLESNICA: Dolnośląskie
891 OLESNO: Opolskie
892 OLESZYCE: Podkarpackie
893 OLETZKO: see Olecko
894 OLKUSZ: Małopolskie
895 OLPINY: Podkarpackie
896 OLSZTYN: Warmińsko-Mazurskie
897 OPARTOW: Podlaskie
898 OPATOW: świętokrzyskie
899 OPOCZNO: Lodzkie
900 OPOLE LUBELSKIE: Lubelskie
 
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