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Poland
POLAND - THE JEWISH COMMUNITY

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Haruth [October 2000]
http://www.jewish.org.pl [December 2000]
http://tbns.net/poljs
Pawel Dorman's Jewish Poland website. He is a professional genealogist [June 2009]

Introduction and General Information

This section contains general information and books about Poland.

Entries indexed below as "US Commission No." refers tp information about individual cemeteries donated by the U.S. Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005; 202-254-3824.

"Urzad" means "office" in Polish. "gmina (district)" is a sub-administrative unit like an uezd or county. "region" is similar to a "province" or guberniya or state. 1 hectare roughly equals about 2 acres.

The Lauder Foundation Genealogy Project at the Jewish Historical Institute of Poland
ULICA Tlomackie 3/5
00-090 Warsaw, Poland
tel/fax: (011-48-22) 625-0400
Director Yale J. Reisner
The foundation has cemetery lists for Kalisz, Bielsko-Biala, Zabrze, Warsaw (only partial), Pilica and several others. The Jewish Historical Institute only produced the Kalisz list in-house. Others produced the others with copies shared with the Institute for reference. HOWEVER, Yale's friend and colleague, Jacek Proszyk, the Bielsko-Biala Jewish community's historian and holder of the index copyright, prepared the Bielsko-Biala list. The Project is a non-profit educational endeavor of the Ronald S. Lauder Foundation, the Jewish Historical Institute Association and the Jewish Historical Research Institute. For Warsaw, the Jewish Historical Institute Archives only have about 4000 names. Warsaw cemetery director Boleslaw Szenicer (Cmentarz Zydowski, ulica Okopowa 49/51, Warszawa, Poland) has over 40,000 names in his database so far. [date?] He welcomes inquiries. The 4000 we have and the 40,000 he has do NOT overlap; however, they are different sections of the cemetery. Source: Yale Reisner.

WORLD WAR I-WAR CEMETERIES:
Erich Fritsch and a friend are documenting Austrian-Hungarian war cemeteries erected in WWI. In doing this, they also found Jewish war cemeteries built by the former K.u.K.Militaerkommando Krakau, Kriegsgraeberabteilung (established in Nov.1915). From 1915 to 1918, this Kriegsgraeberabteilung built 400 cemeteries in Western Galicia (now part of Poland). For Jewish members of the Austro-Hungarian Army d 13 "Kriegerfriedhoefe" (war cemeteries) were erected. They are listed in Die Westgalizischen Heldengraeber aus den Jahren des Weltkrieges 1914-1915 ; edited by Major Rudolf Broch and Hauptmann Hans Hauptmann in Vienna 1918. The registration and page numbers refer to this book. Some of the buildings he has seen are mostly not in a very good shape, ruined by Germans, Poles and overgrowth. Nowadays, Polish authorities try hard to save what is possible. Source: Erich Fritsch

Nr. 107 Biecz 144 3 single and 3 mass graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 132 Bobowa 184 5 single graves and 1 mass grave in Jewish graveyard; Hungarian soldiers
Nr. 313 Bochnia 372 20 single graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 275 Brzesko 334 21 single graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 90 Gorlice 138 6 single graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr.130b Grybow 143 7 single graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 24 Jaslo 104 near the railway station, 9 single graves in Jewish graveyard; grave numbers 1-9
Nr. 372 Myslenice 409 1 mass grave in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 328 Niepolomice 374 1 single grave in Jewish graveyard
Nr 35 Olpiny 104 6 single graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 201 Tarnow 272 43 single graves in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 162 Tuchow 272 4 single grave in Jewish graveyard
Nr. 293 Zakliczyn 318 12 single graves in Jewish graveyard

REFERENCES
  • Cohen, Chester G. "Jewish Cemeteries in Southern Poland" from `An Epilogue' in Shtetl Finder . 1980.
  • Freedman, Warren. World Guide for the Jewish Traveler . NY: E.P. Dutton Inc, 1984. Extracted by Bernard Kouchel,
  • Krajewska, Monica. A Tribe of Stones, Jewish Cemeteries in Poland . Warsaw: Polish Scientific Publishers, Ltd., 1993.
  • Gostinski, Zalman. Shteiner Dertzeilin [Stones Will Tell]. Paris: ___, 1973. in Yiddish and French. 1961-1967 photographs of a number of Jewish cemeteries in Southern Poland. Surviving synagogues were also photographed. Almost all of the towns visited were in Austrian Galicia in the 19th century.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel A Guide to East-Central Europe . New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992. (pages 14-81 are about Poland).
  • Krajewskae, Monika. Czas Kamieni (Jewish Cemetery Monuments in Poland). Warsaw: Interpress, 1982. 164 pages text in Polish. edited by Anna Kamienska, 164 photos of Jewish cemetery monuments. The photos are indexed with the name of the town where the cemetery is located. Some of the towns included are Szydlowiec, Sieniawa, Lubaczow, Nowy Wisnicz, Bochnia, Lesko, Lodz, Tykocin, Otwock, Krakow, Tarnow, Zwierzyniec, Warsaw, Lublin, Zabno, etc. source: Jewishgen
    The above book (in Polish) lists 890 Jewish cemeteries in contemporary Poland. The book is based on computerized file system the author has built. Each record has such data as location, size, number of existing matzevot, the oldest grave, contact person. Source: Michael Halber
  • Lewin, Louis, 1868-1941 Papers, [ca. 1888-1941] Description: .2 linear ft. Notes: Rabbi, historian. Lewin lived in Poland, Germany, and Palestine. ... and photographs of towns in Poland, cemeteries, synagogues, and unidentified subjects resulting from his research into the history of German and Polish Jews. Of note is a manuscript copy of the diary of Rabbi Yoselmann of Rosheim, as printed in the REVUE DES ETUDES JUIVES (XVI, 1888). YIVO collections are in Yiddish, Russian, Polish, English, Hebrew, and other European and non-European languages. Location: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, New York, NY. Control No.: NXYH89-A645 [December 2000]
  • Lewin, Isaac, collector. Title: Lewin collection, [ca. 1200]-1942, [ca. 1700]-1942 (bulk) Description: ca. 22.5 linear ft. Notes: Contains variety of records of Jewish communities in Central and Eastern Europe especially in Posen, Silesia and other German-speaking areas, including pinkasim (record books) of communities and societies, memorial books with lists of deaths, ..., cemetery registers, society statutes, synagogue seat records, and other documents of communities at Kempen (Kepno, Poland), 1771-1902; Strassnitz (Straznice, Czechoslovakia ?), 1855-1879; Krotoschin (Krotoszyn, Poland), ca. 1832-ca. 1913; Labischin (Labiszyn, Poland); Militsch (Milicz, Poland), ca. 1830-ca. 1900; Fraustadt (Wschowa, Poland), 1835-1887; Rawitsch (Rawicz, Poland), ca. 1838-ca. 1861; Nikolai (Mikolow, Poland), ca. 1849-1898; Myslowitz (Myslowice, Poland), 1810-1852; Schwerin, [Skwierzyna] 1819-1869; Posen (Poznan, Poland), 1535-1538 (copies), 18th century, n.d.; Mecklenburg province, 1760-ca. 1850; Breslau (Wroclaw, Poland), 1808-1844; .. Location: Yeshiva University. Special Collections. Rare Books and Manuscripts, New York, NY. Control No.: NYYH88-A76 [December 2000]
  • Mostowicz, Arnold and Friedman, Michal. Poland, Jewish exhibition catelogmetery in Lodz . 3100, book, 6/18/1997; title:, Oficyna Bibbookofilow Sp. z o.o., 1995, 136 p., ANG/POL, 83-86058-56-0. Source: Daniel Dratwa; The books are among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • Rosenstein, Neil. Polish Jewish Cemeteries 9,9 p. ill.; 22 x 28 cm.; call # DS 135.P6 R67 1983. Source: Pennycandy Jansen; e-mail:
  • They Lived Among Us: Polish Judaica , a travel brochure: Arline Sachs, extracted names of townstaht supposedly having Jewish cemeteries. These generally have names only; sometimes a description of famous people who lived there, but no page number.
  • Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography . Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Poland, Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories . Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc, Secaucus, NJ. Cemeteries are only a tiny part of this book's resources. Contains many cemetery photos.
  • "Cemeteries in Poland", mainly Jewish:  contains information from "The Map of Jews in Poland" with text by Iwona Brzewska and Renata Pitkowska. Translated by Jan K. Milencki. Source: Roman Padula, who also has pictures of a number of cemeteries.
  • JEWISH MILITARY CASUALTIES IN THE POLISH ARMIES IN WORLD WAR II by Eng. Benjamin Meirtchak, President of the Association of Jewish War Veterans of Polish Armies in Israel, the Chairman of the Central Committee of the Association of Disabled Veterans of Fight against Nazism in Israel, and the Secretary General of the Association of Polish Jews in Israel

    . [January 2001]
  • The regional museum in Tarnow has a website in Polish with a section called Judaika Tarnowskie. In this section is an article, in English, called "Jewish War Cemeteries in Western Galicia" written by the museum's director Mr. Adam Bartosz.  [July 2005]
NOTE: Books previously listed as sources for various towns have been cited at the town itself including the citations compiled by Elaine B. Kolinsky for Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel A Guide to East-Central Europe . New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992. [January 2001]
Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
301 GLOWNO: Łódźie
302 GLUBCZYCE: Opole
303 GLUSK: Lubelskie
304 GNESEN: see Gniezno
305 GNIEW: Pomerania
306 GNIEWOSZOW: Mazowieckie [http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Gniewoszow/Gniewoszow.html]
307 GNIEWOSZOW: Radom
308 GNIEZNO: Wielkopolska
309 GOGOLIN: Opole
310 GOLANCZ: Wielkopolska
311 GOLDAP: Warmian-Masurian
312 GOLENIOW: Zachodnio Pomerania
313 GOLINA: Wielkopolskie [Gohlen, Golin, Gollin, Gohlen am Warthe]
314 GOLUB-DOBRZYN: Kuyavian-Pomeranian
315 GOMBIN: See Gabin
316 GONIADZ: Podlaskie
317 GORA KALWARIA: Mazowieckie
318 GORA SLASKA: Dolnośląskie
319 GORAJ: Lubelskie
320 GORCZENICA: Kujawsko-Pomorskim, see Brodnica
321 GOREN: see Goraj
322 GORLICE: Małopolskie
323 GORLITSA and GIRLITSE: see GORLICE
324 GOROWO ILAWECKIE: Warmian-Masurian
325 GORY TARNOW: see Tarnowskie Gory
326 GORZKOW: Lublin
327 GORZNO: Kuyavian-Pomeranian
328 GORZOW SLASKI: Opole
329 GORZOW WIELKOPOLSKI: Lubusz
330 GORZYCA: See Kostrzyn
331 GOSTYNIN: Mazovia
332 GOWARCZOW: Świętokrzyskie
333 GOWOROWO: Ostrołęka
334 GRABOW: Łódź
335 GRABOWIEC: Lublin
336 GRABOWO: see Brodnica
337 GRANICA: see Gniewoszow
338 GRATZ: See Grodzisk Wlkp
339 GRAUDENZ: see Grudziadz
340 GREIFENBERG: see Gryfice
341 GREIFENHAGEN: see Gryfino
342 GRITZA: see Grojec
343 GROCHISKO CRORNE: Wiellkopolskie, see Grodzisko Dolne
344 GRODEK: Podkarpackie, הורודוק, Bialystokie, Грудек, [Horodok, Grudek, Grodek Sokolski]
345 GRODZISK MAZOWIECKI: Mazowiecki
346 GRODZISK WIELKOPOLSKI: Wielkopolskie
347 GRODZISKO DOLNE: Wielkopolskie
348 GROJEC: Mazovia
349 GROSS STREHLITZ: see Strzelce-Opolskie
350 GROSSBURG: see Borek-Wlkp
351 GRUDZIADZ: Kuyavian-Pomeranian
352 GRYBOW Siolkowa: Małopolskie
353 GRYFICE: Zachodnio-Pomorskie
354 GRYFINO: West Pomeranian
355 GUNRAV: see Gora Slaska
356 GUTTENTAG: See Dobrodzien
357 GUTTSTADT: see Dobre Miasto
358 GUTZA: See Grojec
359 HAJNOWKA: Podlaskie
360 HAMMERSTEIN: see Czarne
361 HARBUTOWICE: Malopolska
362 HEIDERODE: See Czersk
363 HEILSBERG: see Lidzbark Warminski
364 HERRNSTADT: see Gora Slaska
365 HINDENBURG: See Zabrze
366 HLUBCICKO: see Glubczyce
367 HOHENSALZA: see Inowcroclaw
368 HOHENSTEIN: see Olsztynek
369 HORODLO: Lublin
370 HORODOK: See Grodek
371 HRUBIESZOW: Lubelskie
372 HRUBISHOV: see Hrubieszow
373 HRUBYESHUV: see Hrubieszow
374 HUBY: see Miasteczko Krajenskie
375 HUTE: see Twierdza-Glinik Dolny
376 IABITZ: see Izbica
377 ILAWA: Warmińsko-Mazurskie
378 ILOW: (Yiddish) see Jlow
379 ILOWO: see Gabin
380 ILZA: Warmińsko-Mazurskie
381 IN METERS: See Ranizow
382 INOWLODZ: łódzkie
383 INOWRAZLAW: (German) see Inowcroclaw
384 INOWROCLAW: Kujawsko-Pomorskie
385 IRENA: see Bobrowniki and Deblin
386 IWANISKA: Świętokrzyskie
387 IZBICA KUJAWSKA: Kujawsko-Pomerania
388 IZBICA: Lubelskie
389 JABLONKA KOSCIELNA: Podlaski
390 JABLONKA: see Podwilk
391 JABLONOW POMORSKI: see Brodnica
392 JADOW: Mazovia
393 JALOWKA: Podlaskie
394 JANEW SIEDLECKI: see Janow Podlaski
395 JANOW
396 JANOW (Janow Podlaski): Podlaskie
397 JANOW CSESTOCHOWSKI: śląskie
398 JANOW LUBELSKI: Lubelski
399 JANOW SOKOLSKI: Podlaski
400 JANOWA: See Janow Sokolski
 
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