Alternate names: Będzin [Pol], Bendin [Yid], Bendsburg [Ger, 1939-45], Bendzin [Ger, Rus], Russian: Бендзин, Bendin - בענדין-Yiddish. 50°20' N, 19°09' E, 38 miles WNW of Kraków, 32 miles S of Częstochowa in Silesian Voivodeship in southern Poland. 2006 population: 58,659. 1900 Jewish population: 10,839.
ShtetLink. The settlement existed since the early Middle Ages (1301 village). Granted Magdeburg rights, the village became a city in 1358. Until World War II, Będzin had a vibrant Jewish community. 1921 Jewish population by census: 17,298 (62.1%). In September, 1939, the Wehrmacht overran this area, followed by the SS death squads, who burned Będzin synagogue and murdered many Jews. In summer 1943, most of the Jews were deported to Auschwitz. Since Będzin was one of the last Polish communities to be liquidated, relatively the more survivors have an extensive collection of personal photographs recovered. 1992 town population: 65.000 with 10-50 Jews. Yizkors: Pinkas Bendin (Tel Aviv, 1959); Piotrkow Trybunalski ve-ha-seviva (Tel Aviv, 1965);A tale of one city: Piotrkow Trybunalski (New York, 1991); Pinkas Zaglembye (Melbourne, 1972); and Ir ha-metim: hashmadat ha-Yehudim be-ezor Zaglembiyah (Tel Aviv, 1945-46). Bedzin town is very old, founded before 1290. The castle dates from 1364. Podzamcze means: "Pod"-under, "zamcze" from "zamek"-a castle. Cemetery photos. [March 2009]
Jewish settlement dates from the thirteenth century when Jews had to live outside the city walls although the oldest written sources is 1564 with formal authorization to live in the city, mainly around the existing streets and fishery Berka Joselewicza. From the beginning, Jews were active in city life and the econom. Jewish population: 1787-250' 1835 -1,200; 188 -3,800, and 1900 -37,000 (80%). In the mid-nineteenth century, Jews owned 60% of the stores as well as many factories. In 1917, all City Council of Będzin members were Jews.On the eve of WWII, only 25,000 Jews remained. On the night of September 8/9, 1939, Nazis burned the synagogue with about two hundred Jews.Gradually, Jewish property was confiscated. They were moved to the ghetto at będzińskim Warpiu and sosnowieckiej Środuli. The first mass deportations to Auschwitz-Birkenau were in 1941. Liquidation of the ghetto occurred August 1-8 , 1943. After the war, survivors returned, but most left as a result of policies of the authorities. The Just Among the Nations medal was awarded posthumously to the World Church of the Holy Trinity pastor, Mieczyslaw Zawadzki (d. 1970). [April 2009]
Restoration at the cemetery discovered 850 matzevot or fragments, the oldest from 1831, an ohel of Rabbi Baruch Hercygiera. Rabbi Jacob Nathan's gravestone has the eagle, probably for his contribution to the Kosciuszko Insurrection). Fragments of gravestones are currently at the Museum in Zagłębie Bedzin. The site is covered with forest with part of the matzevot sliding down the slope, some only fragments. No sections are clear. The historic site near the castle on the slope of the hill makes it unique among the city's cemeteries. Renovation work at the cemetery including a cemetery fence is ongoing. [April 2009]
BEDZIN (III): US Commission No. POCE000551 The US Commission is not finished rechecking this file .
|Last Updated on Wednesday, 14 November 2012 13:45|