part of Köln
The Jewish cemetery opened in 1918 is still used today. About 6,000 burials. A number of prominent names buried there include department store founder Leonhard Tietz and the renowned Kolm sociologist, Alphons Silbermann. Franz Herschtritt, generous patron and namesake of the community botanical garden, is buried here. Cemetery and funeral hall building designed by Cologne architect Robert Stern was created 1927-1929 with clear neoclassical influence. Stern was also responsible for the Ehrenfeld synagogue on Körnerstraße, which was destroyed on Kristallnacht and the famous pavilion of the "Jüdischen Sonderschau " on the "Pressa" in 1928.
On the Bocklemünder cemetery are a large number of historically and artistically valuable finds grave monuments:
- On the central avenue is the statue of Franz Lipensky, reminiscent of the destruction of synagogues in Cologne. The 750-pound bronze statue composed of six Stars of David for the six million murdered Jews, a menorah as a symbol of Judaism, Torah scroll and a destroyed a wall fragment as symbolic of the destruction of synagogues during Kristallnacht, was stolen [? erected?] on 15th November 2010. During the Nazis, ritual objects such as Torah scrolls, tefillin, and shofars were hidden in the grounds of the cemetery. Afterward, 1978, the then rabbi Levinger retrieved the remaining items - mostly decayed and rotten - and sat in the articles at the end of the central avenue and erected on top of the monument.
- The Memorial to the Jewish Front Soldiers of World War I designed by Robert Stern was dedicated on 8 July 1934, donated by the local chapter of the Imperial League of Cologne Jewish soldiers at the front, and built with the support of the synagogue community in Cologne. On the monumental pyramid-shaped stone, which stands at the end of the central axis of the cemetery, is the inscription: "Our Fallen - Reichsbund Jew. Front-line soldiers. " /
- Left of the 1934 memorial is one dedicated 21 September 1924 as a memorial plaque with the names of the 230 in World War I fallen members of the synagogue community. Until the destruction of the synagogue in Roonstraße, it had been placed in its memorial hall.
- At the end of the central aisle is the large, towering memorial to the Colognevictims of the Shoah, which was erected in the 1950s. The five-meter-high pillar contributes to the low panels flanking an inscription in Hebrew and German: "In memory of the more than 11,100 brothers and sisters of our community who have died as victims of Nazi racial mania for Judaism in the years 1933 to 1945. Synagogue Community of Cologne " Another table in the middle of the memorial commemorates the last rabbi of the synagogue community before the Holocaust: "Our last reigning from 1908-1942 Rabbi Dr. Isidore Caro, with many community members was martyred in Theresienstadt. In grateful worship, synagogue community in Cologne. "
- In a small 1936 Lapidarium ("Stone House") are fragments of gravestones of the medieval cemetery kept "On Bonntor". The Cemetery - 1143 first mentioned, closed 1695 that was on the Bonner Road, approximately at the level of today's wholesale market. In the 1920s. fragments of old grave stones and bones were discovered during expansion work of the Reichsbahn at the Bonner Straße. The cemetery size was reduced and the bones reburied. In 1936, the cemetery had to be closed down completely, as the city of Cologne planned to build public markets. The remaining bones were buried in the Jewish Cemetery also in Bocklemünd with the remaining gravestones set into the walls of the lapidary.
Last Updated on Friday, 14 September 2012 18:06