BAD BENTHEIM Print
BAD BENTHEIM incorporating GILDEHAUS: 48455 Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) (Gerz, Peters).

DISTRICT: County of Bentheim.

LOCATION OF CEMETERIES: I. Old cemetery  II. New cemetery  III. Gildehaus cemetery

I. Old cemetery: At the beginning of the An der Freilichtbühne road.

IN USE: From 17th century. Bush dates the oldest datable gravesone from 1806 and last from 1866.

NUMBER OF GRAVESTONES: 33.

DOCUMENTATION:

  • 1982 photographs of all gravestones with mapping of graves on behalf of the County of Bentheim by Friedrich-Wilhelm Busch.

PUBLICATIONS:

  • Arno Piechorowski: Beiträge zur Geschichte der Juden in der Grafschaft Bentheim: 254 pages pub. Heimatverein der Grafschaft Bentheim, 1982 includes history, photographs of gravestones and mapping of all graves on pages 44, 189-199 (DNB).

NOTE:

  • Friedrich-Wilhelm Busch included a number of gravestone photographs on which dates were not decipherable; see Piechorowski 1982, pages 191-199.
  • According to local sources the oldest datable gravestome dates from 1761. All gravestones are oriented towards the east and carry only inscriptions in Hebrew. 85 Jews lived in Bad Bentheim in 1880, today there remain 2 Jewish families. The synagogue in Bad Bentheim was ransacked and demolished during the Nazi pogrom 9/10 November 1938. Source: Liesel Schmidt This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it (February 2009)

SOURCE: University of Heidelberg

 

II. New cemetery: An der Hilgenstiege.

IN USE: From 1874 until 1931.

NUMBER OF GRAVESTONES: 45.

DOCUMENTATION:

  • 1982 photographs of all gravestones with mapping of graves, and copies of all gravestone inscriptions on behalf of of the County of Bentheim by Friedrich-Wilhelm Busch.

PUBLICATIONS:

  • Arno Piechorowski: Beiträge zur Geschichte der Juden in der Grafschaft Bentheim: 254 pages pub. Heimatverein der Grafschaft Bentheim, 1982 includes history, photographs of gravestones and mapping of all graves, on pages 44, 200-212 (DNB).

NOTE: This cemetery was devastated in 1971. Source: Historisches Handbuch, page 194 (DNB).

SOURCE: University of Heidelberg.

 

III. Gildehaus: Am Westhang.

IN USE: From 1746 until 13 July 1987 the date of the burial of Heinz Wertheim.

NUMBER OF GRAVESTONES: 2 and also a few gravestone fragments.

DOCUMENTATION:

  • 1982 photographs of both gravestones and German gravestone inscriptions on behalf of the County of Bentheim by Friedrich-Wilhelm Busch.

PUBLICATIONS:

  • Arno Piechorowski: Beiträge zur Geschichte der Juden in der Grafschaft Bentheim: 254 pages, pub. Heimatverein der Grafschaft Bentheim, 1982 includes history, photographs of gravestones and mapping of all graves, on pages 44, 219-224 (DNB).
  • Hella Wertheim, Manfred Rockel: Immer alles geduldig getragen: als Maedchen in Theresienstadt, Auschwitz und Lenzing, seit 1945 in der Grafschaft Bentheim pub. by Gütersloh for regional history, 4th edition 2004 (DNB) also 1993 edition at (LBI).
  • History by Müller 2005.

SOURCE: University of Heidelberg.

(Researched and translated from German February 2009)

Last Updated on Monday, 21 September 2009 00:12