ENKHUIZEN Print

 

Coat of arms of Enkhuizen52°42′N 5°18′E. municipality and city in the province of North Holland and the region of West-Frisia. Enkhuizen was one of the harbor-towns of the VOC from where overseas trade with the East Indies was conducted. The silting up of the harbour made, Enkhuizen lose its position to Amsterdam.

Website of the Jewish Historical Museum, Enkhuizen. Jews resided in Enkhuizen as early as the seventeenth century. 1738: " granted ground for a cemetery on the Bolwerk near the Koepoort in return for annual sum.... hired a teacher to provide religious lessons. In the 1780's, a conflict temporarily divided the community in two. ... in 1791, the community consecrated a synagogue on the Zuiderhavendijk near the harbor of Enkuizen. The economic decline of Enkuizen during Napoleonic rule (1795-1813) marked a sudden reversal in the lot and size of the local Jewish population. ...During World War II, the Jews of Enkhuizen fared better than Jews elsewhere. The mayor of Enkhuizen refused to cooperate in the expulsion of Jewish children from public schools. In 1943, faced with deportation to Amsterdam, most Enkuizen Jews fled into hiding, enabling many to survive the war. After the war, only a few Jews continued to reside in Enkhuizen. In 1964, the community was merged into that of the city of Alkmaar." The undamaged  synagogue is now a church. The Ark of the former synagogue is now in the collection of the Jewish Historical Museum in Amsterdam. Jewish population of Enkhuizen and surroundings:

1795 105
1805 58
1809 50
1840 50
1869 74
1899 50
1930 25
1951 23

 

Resistance work posthumously praised in hometown Enkhuizen MAZEREEUW BROTHERS HID JEWS IN WWII. [Jun 2014].

CEMETERY:

  • Enkuizen's Jewish cemetery and its roughly 130 graves are maintained by local authorities.

 

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Last Updated on Monday, 09 June 2014 16:22