CAUSENI (Kaushany) Print

Alternate Names: Koshany, Kaveshon, Kaushon, Kaushen' [Yiddish, Căuşeni or Căuşeni Noi [Romanian, Moldovan],Каушаны (Kaushany) or Новые Каушаны (Novye Kayshany) [Russian, Causanii, Causanii Noui, N. Kauschanii [German]. 46°39´N x 29°25´. Map of village. Jewish Communities nearby: Zaim (4 miles W); Opachi (6 miles S); Manzyr (11 miles S)., Copanca (11 miles ENE)Bendery (Tighina) (13 miles N)Tiraspol( 17 miles NE). A Jewish community definitely existed in the 18th century was Kaushany was the Tatar center in southern Bessarabia. In 1812, Bessarabia became a part of the Russian Empire. By 1817, 53 Jewish families lived there.In 1853, 80 Jewish farmer families were granted landholdings by the state and reclassified as "state farmers." In 1864, Jews were allowed to be classified as townsmen, but a number continued in agricultural occupations, including large cattle and sheep farms since in 1849, two Jewish farmers owned approximately one thousand head of cattle and three thousand sheep and goats. 1930 Jewish population: 1,872 (35.1% of the total population). 1897 Jewish population was 1,675 persons (45% of the total population). [March 2009]

ShtetLink [July 2010]

Cemetery: Earliest tombstones dating from the 16th century were extant before WWII and indicated that Jews may have lived in Causeni then. However, a Jewish settlement certainly existed by the beginning of the 18th century under Tatar rule in southern Bessarabia. [March 2009]

The cemetery was completely destroyed.in 1960s. The only half a gravestone remains in a museum. I have a picture of it. Several houses were built on the site of the cemetery. Source: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it [December 2010]

 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 14 December 2010 05:10