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WITTENBERG (Lutherstadt Wittenberg): Saxony-Anhalt PDF Print E-mail

Coat of arms of Lutherstadt Wittenberg

51°52′0″N 12°39′0″EWittenberg, officially Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a city in the Bundesland Saxony-Anhalt on the river Elbe with a population of about 50,000. Seat of the Elector of Saxony, held by the dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg and also to its close connection with Martin Luther and the dawn of the Protestant Reformation. Wikipedia. [August 2012]

Judensau in Wittenberg: "The city of Wittenberg contains a Judensau from 1305, on the facade of the Stadtkirche, the church where Martin Luther preached. It portrays a rabbi who looks under the sow's tail, and other Jews drinking from its teats. An inscription reads "Rabini Shem hamphoras," gibberish which presumably bastardizes "shem ha-meforasch" (see Shemhamphorasch). The sculpture is one of the last remaining examples in Germany of "medieval Jew baiting." In 1988, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Kristallnacht, debate sprung up about the monument, which resulted in the addition of a sculpture recognizing that during the Holocaust six million Jews were murdered "under the sign of the cross". In Vom Schem Hamphoras (1543), Luther comments on the Judensau sculpture at Wittenberg, echoing the antisemitism of the image and locating the Talmud in the sow's bowels: Here on our church in Wittenberg a sow is sculpted in stone. Young pigs and Jews lie suckling under her. Behind the sow a rabbi is bent over the sow, lifting up her right leg, holding her tail high and looking intensely under her tail and into her Talmud, as though he were reading something acute or extraordinary, which is certainly where they get their Shemhamphoras." [August 2012]

Cemetery: 19243 Mecklenburg-West Pomerania (Gerz, Peters)

Last Updated on Wednesday, 29 August 2012 20:23
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