|KAUNAS: Kaunas County, Kaunas district|
Alternate names: Kaunas [Lith], Kovno, Ковно [Rus], Kovne, קאָװנע [Yid], Kovna [Heb], Kowno [Pol], Kauen [Ger]. 54°54' N, 23°54' E. Jewish population: 25,448 (in 1897), 40,000 (1914).
Jewish history. [September 2010]
Three Jewish cemeteries can be visited in and around the city center:. The Old Jewish Cemetery to the north of Ąžuolynas is now a place for local drunk youths with graffiti filled walls and a selection of broken gravestones. The Old Jewish Cemetery in Vilijampolė was destroyed with most of its gravestones some time after WWII but if you walk to the far northern end of the field you'll find many old gravestones, some hundreds of years old, on the hill surrounded by a wood.
Panemunes Cemetery: (Aukštosios Panemunės). 178 Viadoto Gotve Str. t. Established 1710, the site currently is protected as a Jewish cemetery. Located between Vaidotas Street and the Nemunas River. An entrance sign in Lithuanian reads "SENOSIOS ŽYDU KAPIN0S TEBUNIE ŠVENTAS MIRUSIUJU ATMINIMAS" with a Star of David. GThe gravestones are buried so deep into the ground that the inscriptions cannot be read. Only 3 gravestones are visible. The cemetery is owned by the local municipality. information. [September 2010]
"The original Kovno Jewish cemetery was inactivated and pretty much destroyed in the early 1970s, presumably to make way for a highway or some such project that was apparently never built. Friends of mine who visited the site last summer said it was in horrible disarray, not kept up at all for years. Families still in Lithuania or the Soviet Union at the time were given the option of moving their relatives' graves to what is now the active Jewish cemetery, south of the Niemen (Nemunas) River, near Panemune, I think. I had an uncle in the Soviet Union at the time, so I knew about this ... This cemetery is relatively well kept, and still in use. Unfortunately, there is no signage at the entrance nor are there signs directing drivers to the cemetery's location. People in the area, however, were kind and helpful when we asked for directions." Source: JewishGen Digest, 12 Sept 2004. [September 2004]
Vilijampoles (Kauno Vilijampolės) Cemetery: information. [September 2010]
Vilijampoles Cemetery (Kalnų Street): Information. [September 2010]
Aleksotas Cemetery: Kaunas' only remaining active Jewish Cemetery in Aleksotas can be accessed through a gate at the back of the Naleksta factory on H ir O Minkovskių.
HOLOCAUST and MASS GRAVES: Story of Kovno Ghetto with photos. Links to multiple stories about the ghetto. Fort #9 is one of many old forts surrounding Kaunas. The Nazis converted them into killing grounds. Sgns and stones tell how many thousands are buried in each mass grave. The Lithuanian government is looking after all these places and taking good care of the sites. At Fort #9 a museum and a huge memorial commemorating the dead. [March 2009]
|Last Updated on Saturday, 02 June 2012 19:28|