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Nyirbogat(I) US Commission No. 000048

Nyirbogat (I) is located in Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg, (47°48 22°04), 7km from Nyirbator. Cemetery: on Kossuth Utca. Present population is 5,000-25,000 with no Jews.

  • Local: Polgarmesteri Hivatal of Nyirbogat Beke ter 6.
  • Regional: Budapesti Orthodox Hitkozseg, of Dob u.35, H-1075 Budapest Phone: (011-361) 132-4333.
  • Interested: Becssi Kalmanne of Nyirbogat.
  • Keyholder: Kovacs Istvan of Nyirbogat Kossuth u. 27.

Jewish population (census) before World War II was 322. The Jewish cemetery was established in 19th century with last known Jewish burial pre-WWII. The Hasidic Orthodox community used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated urban hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open with permission via a continuous fence and locked gate. The size of cemetery is 0.15 hectares.

20-100 gravestones, 1-20 not in original location and 25-50% toppled or broken, date from 19th-20th centuries. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem that prevents access. The marble, limestone and sandstone flat shaped stones or finely smoothed and inscribed stones have Hebrew and Hungarian inscriptions. The cemetery contains no known mass graves or structures. The national Jewish community owns the still-active cemetery. Adjacent properties are residential. Boundaries were smaller than in 1939 because of housing development. The cemetery is visited rarely and was vandalized occasionally in the last ten years. Jewish individuals abroad cleared vegetation, fixed wall and gate in 1983. It is occasionally cleared or cleaned by individuals. No current threat to cemetery.

Peter Wirth completed survey on 11/12/91. No documentation was used. He visited site on 06/12/1991. Kovacs Istvan was interviewed on 06/12/1991 at Nyirbogat.


NYIRBOGAT: (II) US Commission No. 000049
Cemetery: at Batthyany utca. The pre-WWII Jewish population (census) was 322.The unlandmarked Jewish cemetery was established in 19th century with last known Hasidic Orthodox Jewish burial pre-WWII. The isolated urban hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by crossing private property, access is open with permission via a broken fence with no gate. Pre- and post-WWII size of cemetery is 0.19 hectares.

20-100 gravestones, less than 25% are toppled or broken, date from 19th-20th centuries. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem that prevents access. The limestone and sandstone-flat shaped stones or finely smoothed and inscribed stones have Hebrew inscriptions. No known mass graves or structures exist. The national Jewish community owns property used for agriculture (crops or animal grazing). Adjacent properties are agricultural and residential. The cemetery is visited rarely. The cemetery has been vandalized occasionally in the last ten years. Local non-Jewish residents carried cleared vegetation. There is no current threat to cemetery. Peter Wirth completed survey on 11/12/91. No documentation was used. He visited site on 06/12/1991.

Kovacs Istoan was interviewed on 06/12/1991 at Nyirbogat.

Last Updated on Monday, 09 March 2009 23:48
 
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