US Commission No. 000035
Nagykőrös is located in Pest at 47°02' 19°47', 17km from Kecskemet. Cemetery: Milces Kelemen utca 3. Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with 10-100 Jews.
1941 Jewish population (census) was 470. In 1911, an earthquake effected the area. First Rabbi (from 1802) Mandel Farkas and Neufeld Wolf lived here. The Jewish cemetery was established in 18th century with last known Hasidic Orthodox Jewish burial in 1991. Nyarsapak (8km away) used this cemetery. The flat, isolated suburban area has a sign in Hungarian. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access open to all via a continuous fence and locked gate. Pre- and post-WWII size of cemetery is 1.72 hectares.
500 and 5000 gravestones, none original location with less than 25% toppled or broken, date from 18th century. The marble, granite, limestone, and sandstone flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, flat stones with carved relief decoration, double tombstones or multi-stone monuments, have Hebrew, Yiddish, German, and Russian inscriptions. Some tombstones have traces of painting on surfaces and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains special memorial mounuments to Holocaust victims but no known mass graves. The property is used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are Protestant cemetery and waste dump. Boundaries are unchanged since 1939. The cemetery is visited frequently and not known to have been vandalized. . Jewish groups within Hungary re-erected and cleaned stones, cleared vegetation, and fixed wall and gate during regular care. Nagykoros Jewish Congregation pays the regular caretaker. Within the limits of the cemetery are a pre-burial house with a tahara (table), wall inscriptions, a chimney, an ohel, and a well. Security (uncontrolled access), weather, erosion, pollution, and vegetation are moderate threats.
Feldmeyer Peter of Nagykoros Losonci u.3., ph: 2050981 and Tamas Peter completed this survey on 1/11/91. M.ZS.L (Hungarian Jewish Encyclopedia) Orban was used for reference. The site was not visited.
|Last Updated on Tuesday, 10 March 2009 22:51|