Alternate names: Mátészalka [Hun], Máthészalka. 7°57' N, 22°20' E, 29 miles E of Nyíregyháza, 27 miles WNW of Satu Mare (Szatmár), Romania. Jewish population: 932 (in 1890).
photo of Mátészalka synagogue in 1984. Mátészalka cemetery caretaker is János Turzó, Fellegvár utca 16. The American Foundation [?] looks after it. "Mateszalka" - Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Hungary [February 2009]
US Commission No. 000046
Town is located in Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg at 47°57' 22°20', 52km from Nyiregyhaza. Cemetery: Fellegvar utca Z. Present population is 25,000-100,000 with fewer than 100 Jews.
Pre-WWII Jewish population was 1,621. The grave of Spitzer, Chaim Meselem Feis is in cemetery. The last known Jewish burial in this unlandmarked Hasidic Orthodox cemetery was 1991, also used by Kocsord (4km away). The isolated hillside suburban cemetery has no signs or markers. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open with permission via a broken masonry wall.
500-5000 19th and 20th century gravestones in original location are in the 100-hectare cemetery. Vegetation overgrowth is a problem. Special sections exist for rabbis and children. The marble, granite, limestone and sandstone flat shaped or finely smoothed and inscribed with carved relief decoration have Hebrew, Yiddish and Hungarian inscriptions. Some plots have metal fences. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. There also is an ohel and a wooden coach-house. The local Jewish community owns site. Recreational and residential areas surround; some unused cemetery property is currently being farmed. Boundaries are unchanged since 1939. Frequently, organized Jewish group tours or pilgrimage groups, organized individual tours, private visitors, and local residents visit. 1990s vandalism required re-erection of stones, patching broken stones, cleaning stones, clearing vegetation, and repair of the gate by the Jewish community in and outside Hungary (done regularly). The current caretaker accepts land use as payment. The only serious threat is weather erosion, with some problems resulting from security (uncontrolled access).
Peter Wirth completed survey on 10/12/91 based on a 5/12/91 visit and review of a map/layout plan dating from 1919. Mr.& Mrs. Lax, Henrik were interviewed on 05/12/1991 at Mateszalka.
|Last Updated on Wednesday, 05 September 2012 15:35|