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BAD AROLSEN: 34454 incorporating (I) HELSEN, (II) LANDAU and (III) MENGERINGHAUSEN, Hesse.
SOURCE: Gerz
DISTRICT: Waldeck-Frankenberg
(I) HELSEN
LOCATION OF CEMETERY: corner of Diemelstrasse and Auf der Heide
IN USE: From 1738 until 1940.
NUMBER OF GRAVESTONES: 105.
PUBLICATIONS:
LITERATURE:
  • "Auf einmal sind sie weggemacht!". by Michael Winkelmann, an illustrated history of the Jews of Arolsen in the 20th century.
  • ‘A documentation of the Jewish cemetery in Helsen by the Waldeckischen Geschichtsverein is in preparation.

(II) LANDAU
LOCATION OF CEMETERY: 300 meters south of village, on the Tiefenhohler Weg,
IN USE: established in 1779 until 1939.
HISTORY:
  • 1591 first reference to Jews in Bad Arolsen.
  • 1779 the Jewish community of Landau acquired their own cemetery, which was in use until the 1930s. The location was known as "Jüddengrund" ever since.
  • 1839 completion of synagogue construction.
NUMBER OF GRAVESTONES: 41 of which 37 with visible inscriptions (37 in Hebrew of which 15 with additional German lettering. 3 gravestones carry only German wording).
PUBLICATIONS:
  • History by Arnsberg (1971).
  • History by Robert Wetekam 1964: “Landau, Die Geschichte einer Waldeckischen Festungsstadt".

(III) MENGERINGHAUSEN
LOCATION OF CEMETERY: Weigelstrasse near a school and a tennis court.
IN USE: From the first half of the 19th century. The first burial was that of Adelheid Blum in 1842 and the last took place in 1938.
LITERATURE:
  • "Auf einmal sind sie weggemacht!". by Michael Winkelmann, an illustrated history of the Jews of Arolsen in the 20th century.
SOURCES: Alemannia Judaica and University of Marburg.
[Researched and translated from German December 2007]
 
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