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SALONIKA: Alternate name: THESSALONIKI PDF Print E-mail

Alternate names: Thessaloníki [Grk], Selânik [Turk], Selanik [Ladino], Solun [Bulg], Thessalonique [Fr], Thessaloníkē, Salonique, Saloníki, Salonika, Salonica. Sa. Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη. 40°38' N, 22°56' E, Greece's second-largest city, 188 miles NNW of Athens. 1900 Jewish population: 60,000.

Jewish community history. " December 1942, the ancient cemetery, containing nearly 500,000 graves and dating back certainly to the 15th century, was expropriated and thus became a quarry for the entire town." Source [October 2000]

[UPDATE] Boutaris breaks silence on Thessaloniki’s hidden shame [November 2014]


The Nazis destroyed the old cemetery in 1943. Aristotelian University stands on the former cemetery site. The local cemetery at STAVROUPOLIS has a memorial to the 50,000 Greek Jews murdered at Auschwitz. See a picture of the monument and its exact location. See a picture of the cemetery before it was destroyed.

JOWBR burial listings [August 2010]

Greek police said that 668 fragments of marble headstones and other pieces from Jewish graves destroyed during the World War II  Nazi occupation have been recovered from a plot of land in Thessaloniki, Greece's second largest city. The headstones date from the mid-1800's to World War II. The inscriptions includes occupations as well as the name of the deceased. About 60,000 Greek Jews, most of the pre-WWII Jewish population, were killed in the Holocaust. Article. [December 20, 2012]

BOOKS: Source: National and University Library, Jerusalem

  • Carmoli, E. Hebrew Title... (Stone Engravings...on Tombstones and Inscriptions). Paris: __ 186?. Pages 19-40, Hebrew. 26V255. Notes: 50 inscriptions, 903-1675 (some no date), chronology, Rabbis and some rabbis wives, citation of books where the inscriptions have been found.
  • Emmanuel, I. S. Gedolei Saloniki ledorotam (Generations of Thessaloniki {Jewish outstanding personalities}). Tel Aviv: __ 1936. 335,8 pages, Hebrew and French, added title page. 42A972. Notes: 493 tombstones (36 not complete +25 erased), 1550-1660, chronology, alphabetical names index.
  • Emmanuel, I. S. Matsevot Saloniki (Thessaloniki tombstones). Jerusalem: ___, 1963. 2 volumes, illustrated, Hebrew. S63A3070. Notes: 1858 inscriptions, volume 1: 1502-1680 & volume 2: 1681-1939, individual birthplaces (Mediterranean Basin & Portugal), index of communities, bibliography of cited manuscripts arranged by location.
  • Freedman, Warren. World Guide for the Jewish Traveler. NY: E.P. Dutton Inc, 1984.
  • Index to the 7 Volumes of "Histoire des Israelites de Salonique" by Joseph Nehama
  • Molho, Michael Shelomo. Beit ha'almin shel yehudei Saloniki, (Saloniki Jewish cemetery). Saloniki-Tel Aviv: __ 1932, 28 p. (Hebrew); Notes: Period: l6l5-1828. 44 tbsts, no index.
  • Molho, Michael Shelomo. Matsevot beit ha'almin shel yehudei Saloniki, (Saloniki Jewish cemetery Tombstones). Tel Aviv: __ 1974, 682p. (Hebrew) Notes: Period: 1502-1941. 164O tbsts & 465 added names list. Names index. The two books are not identical.
  • Molho, M. Beveit ha almin shel yehudei saloniki (In Thessaloniki Jewish cemetery). Thessaloniki, 1932-1933. 4 parts, Hebrew. S36A858. Notes: part 1: 44 tombstones, 1515-1828, chronology; part 2:35 tombstones (some not complete), 1542-1821, chronology; part 3: 44 tombstones, 1515-1828; chronology; part 4: 38 tombstones, 1502-1830, generally Rabbis or outstanding personalities, general family names index.
  • Molho, M. El cementerio judio de Salonica (The Jewish cemetery in Thessaloniki),. In: "Sefarad", t. IX, 1949. 24 pages, Spanish. S61B2135. Notes: Epitaphs history and archaeological analysis, some photographs.
  • Molho, M. Matsevot beit ha almin shel yehudei saloniki (Tombstones in Thessaloniki Jewish cemetery). Tel Aviv: __, 1974. 682 pages, Hebrew. S75A2238. Notes: 1640 tombstones, 1502-1941, plus list of 465 names 1676-1861, general index of family names.
Last Updated on Friday, 14 November 2014 20:03
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