Gibraltar (known as the "Rock") is a small peninsular located on the southernmost tip of mainland Spain overlooking the Strait of Gibraltar and the western entrance to the Mediterranean Sea. The territory was captured from the Kingdom of Granada by the Kingdom of Castile in 1462, and formally became part of the Kingdom of Spain on the formal union of the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon in 1516. Gibraltar was captured English forces in 1704 and was ceded in 1713 to the United Kingdom in the Treaty of Utrecht. In 1830, Gibraltar was formally accorded the status of a British Crown Colony.
THE JEWISH COMMUNITY
Jewish presence in Gibraltar of more than 650 years was furst recorded in 1356, when the community made an appeal for the ransom of a group of Jews captured by pirates. The community grew under British rule with 600 Jews in Gibraltar by mid-18th century, peaking at over 1,500 in the mid-19th century. In 2001, approximately 580 Jews lived on the Rock.
Jewish Community of Gibraltar
Fax 350 404 87.
See also JCR-UK - Gibraltar