|SARRE-UNION: (Bas-Rhin département, Alsace région)|
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(Germa : Saar Buckenheim) http://judaisme.sdv.fr/synagog/basrhin/r-z/sarre.htm has photos and more information, in French only. Alternate name: BOUQUENOM and Sarrewerden. Saar-Union, or rather Bouquenom, a name even today better known and preferred by the population of Alsace, does not appear on the list of the Count of Jewry in the Province of Alsace of 1784. In effect, Bouquenom then was not part of the Province of Alsace. Having belonged during several generations and to the the counts of Nassau, the cities of Bouquenom and Sarrewerden were given up in 1705 to Lorraine and finally incorporated in 1766. Bouquenom and Neusaarwerden (today the new City) constructed by the counts of Nassau on the banks of the Saar, were united in 1793 by decree of Convention into the single village named Saar-union. This name is therefore of comparatively recent date. Before the Revolution, information on the history of Jewry is rare and is interspersed. 1. In the discounts of 1577 of the Cellars of the Countess, it is a matter of a Jew of Bouquenom who had accepted two measurements of wheat. (Mathis, Leiden p. 61. 2. By governmental prescription of October 20th. 1721 the single Sacris Coblentz family that lived there since 1693 had approval of residence. (Collection of the Prescriptions of Lorraine II. 510, X. 182, etc). 3. * In 1770 they counted four Jewish families in Bouquenom and they each had to pay levies of 18 pounds yearly soon augmented by 60 pounds," having seen their good deals". However, birth and death certificates of the Registry office during the first years of Revolution, assume Israelites' certain inflow for this short period. The order of Napoleon in 1808 for fixed surnames shows 196 Jews. In 1790, Bouquenom, as so many others small cities, had opposed admitting Jews' as citizen as citizens. The number of Jews increased to 1951, according to Jos. Bloch's Calendar of 5717 showed 383 souls. See http://judaisme.sdv.fr/synagog/basrhin/r-z/sarre.htm for photos and more information in French only. [January 2008]
§ Wolber, dans Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire de Saverne 1951.
§ Schoumaker, Erckmann-Chatrian, Paris 1933.
§ Pfarrer Joseph Levy, Geschlchte der Stadt Saarunion. Baquol, Dictionnaires.