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FREJUS/SAINT-RAPHAëL: (Var département, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur région) : 83600 PDF Print E-mail

 

43°25′59″N 6°44′12″E / 43.43306, 6.73667 Frejús village is located six hundred and ninety one kilometres SE of Paris on the banks of the Mediterranean Sea, in the mouth of Argens and Reyran rivers and is the county seat of the district, the seat of bishopric, a seaside resort, a city of Art and History and the co-founder of the association of "Cities and Métie d'arts". Inhabitants are called Fréjusiens or Forojuliens in French, Frejulencs in Provençal and Frejulen in the Mistral dialect. This coastal town/commune in the Var département has a population of 50,500. With neighboring Saint-Raphaël, they effectively form one town on the French Riviera sharing the cost of many city services. Frejus contains a medieval city as well as a popular seaside resort. Created by the Romans, Frejus attracts many tourists because of its history, cultural and artistic qualities, its well kept beaches, the sea and sporting facilities. There are numerous places of interest in the area, all reasonably accessible from Frejus because of its convenient location. At present its habitants total 45,000 and the town offers a broad spectrum of activities. The history of Frejus is very similar to that of Provence. It lived through many Saracens invasions that took place between the 7th and the 9th century. It has been destroyed many times in spite of the presence of the Roman Legion. In 49 BC Julius Cesar decided to have the Adrian Way built to link Italy through to Spain.In those days the Phoceans of Marseille had already set up a colony on the site, but it was the Roman emperor who gave the port its prosperity and the city its name of 'Forum Julii' meaning 'Jules market' and the port Claustra Maris (The sea bolt). It went on to become one of the most important ports in the Mediterranean, until the Pax Romana, by denying Forum Julii its military activity, marked the beginning of its decline. The decay of Rome led to that of the cities of its empire. The sea encroached on the land while invasions by the Saracens and pirates left the monuments in ruin. By the 10th century there was very little left of the colony, mostly rubble. Sea-borne silt clogged up the port and led to the formation of a huge swampy plain, which then separated the village from the sea. In 1299, Jacques Duèze became bishop of Frejus and finally pope Jean 22. In 1347, Black Plague devastated Provence and therefore Frejus. In 1471, the city counted two hundred and sixty six houses. Pirates' were the new plague and in 1475 again came to ruin efforts of reconstruction. In 1482, while the city was once again threatened by plague but spared. A garrison city in the 16th century and hit in 1959 by the disaster of the dam of Malpasset, Fréjus is the site of the biggest French concentration of ancient relics after Arles today. Saint-Raphael: It is the county seat of the district, a seaside resort of the French riviera. Roman villas on the road of Forum Julii were in the village of fisherman where Bonaparte disembarked in 1799. The village became from the second half of the 19th century, a seaside resort praised by the artists, sportsmen and politicians. The inhabitants are Raphaëlois in French, les Rafelencs en the provençal dialect and Rafelen by some. Constituted in 1963, the Jewish community of Fréjus-Saint-Raphël numbered 250 families in 2006 (majority dealers and employees) native to North Africa and France. There is a "rue des Juifs" that existed long before 1963 and the creation of the A.C.I. et Synagogue and Centre Culturel et Educatif, Rue du Progrès - 83600 FREJUS-PLAGE, Tél 04-94-52-06-87, Fax 04-94-53-20-30. Centre Communautaire, Rue Giraud (pool and school : Lycée A. Camus) [January 2008]

  • nouveau Cimetière Place Saint-Etienne, Jewish Section - 83600 FREJUS [January 2008]
  • Cimetière de l'Aspé - 83700 SAINT-RAPHAEL [January 2008]

Last Updated on Wednesday, 21 January 2009 13:48
 
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