|ZBRASLAVICE: Kutna Hora, Bohemia|
US Commission No. CZCE000057
Alternate German name: Sbraslawitz. Located in Bohemia, Kutna' Hora 49º49' 15º11', 58 km SE of Praha. Cemetery: 800 m N. Present town population is 1,000 to 5,000 with no Jews.
Earliest known Jewish community was probably the 17th century, recorded in 1724. Chevra Kadisha founded in 1692. 1930 Jewish population was 19. The maximum Jewish population was 215 in 1850. Later, Jews moved to big towns. Independent congregation disbanded before 1921. The Jewish cemetery originated in 1797. An older cemetery was pulled down in the 18th century. Buried in cemetery: Rabbis, ancestors of Langer brothers, Frantisek (writer and playwright) and Jiri (writer and poet). Last known Conservative or Progressive Jewish burial in the landmarked cemetery was before 1943. The isolated suburban hillside has no marker or sign. Reached by turning directly off a public road and open to all with nowall, fence or gate. Approximate size of cemetery before World War II was 0.4018 ha. Present size is 0,3968.
100-500 stones, in original location with 1-20 and 25 to 50% toppled or broken, date from 1815- 20th century. The location of stones removed from the cemetery is unknown. The granite and sandstone flat shaped and inscribed stones and flat stones with carved relief decorations have Hebrew and German inscriptions. It contains no known mass graves or structures. Praha Jewish community owns the property used for a Jewish cemetery, storage and waste dumping. Properties adjacent are recreational, agricultural and residential. The cemetery has been reduced as a result of buried electric cables. Occasionally, private visitors and local residents stop. It was vandalized frequently during World War II. No care. There are many weekend cottages nearby. Slight threat: weather erosion, very serious threats: pollution and vandalism. Serious threat: vegetation overgrowth. Moderate threat: existing development.
Vlastmila Hamackova, Zabelska 37, Engineer Mojmir Maly, Ve Stresovickach 58, 169 00, Praha 6; tel. 02/35-57-69 and Jiri Fiedler, z"l, Brdickova 1916, 155 00 Praha 5; tel. 02/55-33-40 completed survey on 31 July 1992 using Census 1724, 1850, 1930. Cadastre of 1838, 1855. Notes of Statni Zidovske Muzeum Praha. H. Gold, Die Juden...Bohemens. (1934). Kutnohorsko slovem I obrazem, II (1914). Letter of M.Lajkepova (1984). Maly visited in 1991.
|Last Updated on Saturday, 28 February 2009 02:07|