|SLANY: Kladno, Bohemia|
US Commission No. CZCE000400
[Used the cemetery at Zlonice before 1880] Alternate name: Sclan in German. Slany is located in Bohemia, Kladno at 50°13′50″N 14°4′53″E , 9 km NNW of Kladno and 29 km NW of center of Praha. Cemetery: 700 meters NE of main square between Lazenska and Nosecicka Streets. Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.
Earliest known Jewish community was 1850s. 1930 Jewish population was 85. Settling of Jews was prohibited until 1848; first prayer-room after 1850. Independent congregation was established in the 1860s. Peak Jewish population was late 19th century: 290 people in congregation in 1890; Later, Jews moved to big towns. Independent congregation disbanded in 1936. Playwright and novelist Arthur Breisky (1885-1910) lived here. The unlandmarked Jewish cemetery originated in 1880 with last known Conservative or Progressive/Reform Jewish burial in 1951. The suburban hillside, separate but near cemeteries, has a Czech sign or plaque ("Cultural Monument") and Jewish symbols on gate or wall. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open with permission via continuous masonry wall, a continuous fence, and locking gate. The approximate size of cemetery before WWII was 0.3188 ha and is now 0.2361 ha.
100-500 stones, all in original location, date from late 19th-20th century. The granite and sandstone flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones or multi-stone monuments have Hebrew, German and Czech inscriptions. Some have portraits on stones and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains no known mass graves but had a pre-burial house with a catafalque and gravedigger's house, both sold in 1982. Praha Jewish community owns the cemetery site. Adjacent properties are agricultural and residential. The boundaries are smaller than 1939 because of agriculture and property sale. Occasionally, private visitors stop. This cemetery was not vandalized. Jewish individuals and groups within country did restoration before and after 1982. There is regular unpaid caretaker. Serious threat: vegetation. Slight threats: uncontrolled access and vandalism.
Vlastmila Hamackova, Zabelska 37, Engineer Mojmir Maly, Ve Stresovi ckach 58, 169 00 Praha 6; tel. 35-57-69 and Jiri Fiedler, z"l, Brickova 1916, 155 00 Praha 5; tel. 02/55-33-40 completed survey on 29 August 1992. Documentation: Jahrbuch fur die israelische Cultusgemeinden Bohemens (1893-1894); Jan Herman: Jewish Cemeteries of Bohemia and Moravia (1980); Hugo Gold: Die Juden und Judengemeinden Bohemens (1934). The site was not visited. Someone was interviewed-no details were given.
|Last Updated on Wednesday, 25 February 2009 16:05|