|POUTNOV: Karlovy Vary, Bohemia|
US Commission No. CZCE000286
Alternate name: Pauten in German. Town is located in Bohemia, Karlovy Vary at 50º01' 12º51', 10 km NE of Marianske Lazne and 23 km SSW of Karlovy Vary. Cemetery: 1600 m NE of village green. Present town population is under 1,000 with no Jews.
Earliest known Jewish community was allegedly 17th century, probably second half of 18th century, but recorded in last half of 19th century. 1921 and 1930 Jewish population was 0. 11 families were permitted in first half of 19th century; 33 paying members of congregation were recorded in 1872 as the congregation for nearby town of Tepla also. [Tepla is at 49°59′N 12°52′E in Mariánské Lázně, Cheb, Karlovy Vary.] Jews moved to big towns in second half of 19th century. Congregation disbanded and synagogue closed about 1900. The Jewish landmarked (No. 354 -1013) cemetery originated probably in 18th century with last known Conservative Jewish burial before WWII (from Tepla). The isolated rural (agricultural) hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all via a broken masonry wall without gate. The pre- and post-WWII size of cemetery is 0.0324 ha.
18th-20th century granite and sandstone flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, flat stones with carved relief decoration or multi-stone monuments have Hebrew and German inscriptions. The cemetery contains no known mass graves, special sections, or structures. Probably Jewish community Karlovy Vary owns Jewish cemetery. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private visitors stop. Vandalism occurred 1945-1981 with no maintenance. Moderate threat: vegetation and proposed nearby development. Slight threat: weather erosion and pollution.
Dr. Peter Braun, Komenskeho 43, 323 13 Plzen; tel. 019/52-15-58 and Rudolf Loewy, Jesenicka 33, 323 23 Plzen; tel. 019/52-06-84 and Jiri Fiedler, Brdickova 1916, 155 00 Praha 5; tel. 02/553340 completed survey on 1 Nov. 92. Documentation: census 1650, 1724, 1750, 1830, 1930; cadastre of 1839, 1859; Gustav A. Schimmer: Statistik des Judenthums (1873; Topographie der historischen un Kustgeschichtlichen Denkmaeler in den Bezirken Tepl und Marienbad (1932; letter of Engineer R. Svandrlik (see 12 (1986. The site was not visited. Rudolf Reichert, Poutnov 51, 354 83 Mnichov (consult. 1992 were interviewed.
|Last Updated on Monday, 23 February 2009 19:24|