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PODBORANSKY ROHOZEC: Louny, Bohemia PDF Print E-mail

[used the cemetery at Mastov in 18th century], Alternate names: Německý Rohozec, Podbořanský Rohozec. Deutsch Rust. 50°13' N 13°16' E,

US Commission No. CZCE000257 and Number CZCE000150
Alternate name: Rust in German and Nemecky Rohozec in Hungarian. Podboransky Rohozec is located in Bohemia, Louny at 50º13 13º16, 25 km E of Karlov Vary. Cemetery: 0.5 km SE. Present town population is under 1,000 with no Jews.

  • Town: Obecni urad, 439 71 Nepomysl.
  • Regional: Jewish congregation: ZNA, Moskevska 26, 400 01 Usti nad labem and Okresny urad, Referat Kultury, 440 01 Louny.
  • Interested: Regionaly Muzeum (Dr. Holednak, Dr. Zinnerova) Husova 678, 438 01 Zatec tel. 0397/2840; Okresni Muzeum Louny, Pivovarska 28, 440 01 Louny; tel. 0395/2456; and Statni Zidovske Muzeum, Jacymova 3, 110 01 Praha 1. Mr. & Mrs. Boehm, Podboransky Rohozec 40, 441 01 Podborany.

Earliest known Jewish community was probably mid-18th century. 1930 Jewish population was 13. In 1864, the community numbered 290 people (50% of total population). Jews moved to big towns in second half of 19th century. In 1935, major Jewish creditor murdered here was the last Conservative or Progressive/Reform funeral at this landmarked cemetery established in 1860. This was the birthplace of traveller Eduard Glaser (1855-1908). Between fields and woods, the isolated hillside by water has no sign or marker. Reached by crossing private property, access is pen to all with a slightly damanged continuous masonry wall and non-locking gate. The pre- and post-WWII size of cemetery is about 1493 sq. m.

20-100 stones date from second half of 19th-20th century. The granite and sandstone flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, flat stones with carved relief decoration, double tombstones or multi-stone monuments have Hebrew and German inscriptions. Some tombstones have portraits on stones. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Within the limits of the site is a pre-burial house. Usti nad Labem Jewish community owns the Jewish cemetery. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Rarely, private visitors and local residents stop. Vandalism occurred during World War II, occasionally 1945-1991. Work was done by Israeli descendants of Zentner family who clean occasionally around their family grave and elsewhere too. Maintenace was very seldom. Moderate threat: weather erosion and vegetation. Slight threat: uncontrolled access, pollution, vandalism and existing nearby development.

Ladislav Mertl, mgr of geography, Kubanske namesti 1322/17, 100 00 Praha 10; tel. 02/743213 and Jiri Fiedler, z"l Brdickova 1916, 155 00 Praha 5; tel. 02/55-33-40 completed survey on 05-16-1992. Documentation: J. Herman: Jewish Cemeteries in Bohemia and Moravia, Prague 1980; Philo lexicon 1936; Gold: Juden...Bohemens (1934); W. Rott: Der politische Bezirsk Podersam 1902; cadastre changes 1860; and census 1930, 1991. Mr. & Mrs. Boehm, on 05-16-92 in Podbohansky Rohozec were interviewed.

Last Updated on Sunday, 15 August 2010 11:38
 
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