|MESTEC KRALOVE: Nymburk, Bohemia|
US Commission No. CZCE000130
[Also used Kovanice cemetery before 1898] Alternate German name:Königstadtl, Koenigstadel; Kralovemestec. Mestec Kralove is located in Bohemia, Nymburk at 50°12′23″N 15°17′34″E , 20 km ENE of Kolin and 36 km W of Hradec Kralove. The cemetery is at 1 km SW. The present population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.
Earliest known Jewish community was 1866. 1930 Jewish population was 33. Jews moved to big towns in the second half of the 19th century. Daniel Mayer (1957-), rabbi of Czech Republic, who made aliyah to Israel in 1991, was born here. The Jewish cemetery originated after 1894 with last known Conservative or Progressive/Reform Jewish burial probably before 1943. Cineves (Tschinowes in German), 6 km away, used this unlandmarked cemetery. The flat suburban site, separate but near cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all via a continuous masonry wall and locking gate. The pre- and post-WWII size of cemetery is 0.051 ha.
1-20 stones are all in original locations and legible from 1905. The granite, limestone and sandstone finely smoothed and inscribed stones or multi-stone monuments have Hebrew and Czech inscriptions. Within the limits of the site are a pre-burial house, funeral coach, and a wall but no known mass graves. Praha Jewish community owns cemetery. Adjacent properties are residential and municipal cemetery. Rarely, private visitors stop. Vandalism occurred during World War II or 1945-1981. Jewish groups within the country did restoration occasionally. Praha Jewish congregation pays the regular caretaker. Moderate threats: uncontrolled access and vandalism. Slight threats: weather erosion, pollution and vegetation.
|Last Updated on Friday, 20 February 2009 13:30|