|MASTOV: Chomutov, Bohemia|
Fifty gravestones were moved to the museum in Teplice in 1982. Richard Fantl was the only Jew who survived and returned to Mastov. B. Anna was a German. German citizens from Sudetenland (the part of the country which was annexed by the Nazis due to the Munich Agreement in fall 1938) were obliged to leave Czechoslovakia after WWII, but Richard Fantl married Anna and saved her thus from being expelled. The cemetery in Mastov was destroyed by the Nazis. [February 009]
US Commission No. CZCE000249
Alternate names: Mašťov [Cz], Maschau [Ger]. Mastov is located in Bohemia, Chomutov at 50°16' N, 13°17' E , 20 km WSW of Zatec, 17 miles ENE of Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad), 13 miles WSW of Žatec (Saaz). The cemetery is at 1 km ENE. Present town population is under 1,000 with no Jews.
Earliest known Jewish communitywas 16th or 17th century. 1930 Jewish population was 30. Jews moved to big towns in second half of 19th century and in first third of 20th century (108 Jews in 1900). Independent congregation disbanded in 1897. The Jewish cemetery allegedly originated in 15th century with last known Conservative Jewish burial in first third of 20th century. Zdar (Saar in German) before 1884; Podboransky Rohozec (Rust in German) in 18th century, 9 km and 6 km away, used this cemetery. The isolated rural (agricultural) hillside, just near a shooting-range, has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road behind a co-operative farm field and the shooting-range, access is open to all via a continuous masonry wall and non-locking gate. The pre- and post-WWII size of cemetery is about 2744 sq. m.
20-100 stones date from probably 17th or 18th-20th century. The marble, granite, limestone and sandstone flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, flat stones with carved relief decoration or multi-stone monuments have Hebrew and German inscriptions. The cemetery contains no known mass graves but has a pre-burial house ruin. Usti nad Labem Jewish community owns the Jewish cemetery. Adjacent properties are agricultural and a shooting-range. Rarely, private visitors and local residents stop. Nazis, during World War II, vandalized the cemetery in 1938. Vandalism occurred occasionally 1945-1981 and in 1982 when Barbra Streisand's crew filming movie Yentl removed about 50 historical tombstones. No maintenance. Very serious threat: vegetation. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access and vandalism. Slight threat: weather erosion, pollution and existing nearby development.
Ladislav Mertl, Mgr. of Geography, Kubanske namesti 1322/17, 100 00 Praha 10; tel. 02/743213 and Jiri Fielder, Brdickova 1916, 155 00 Praha 5; tel. 02/553340 completed survey on May 16, 1992. Documentation: Hugo Gold: Die Juden Bohemens, 1934; Wenzel Rott: Der politische Bezirk Podersam, 1902; notes of deceased architect Oldrich Okac (from Barbra Streisand's team); notes of Tomas Kohn, son of last Jews of Mastov; cadastre of 1843, 1860; and censuses of 1570, 1724, 1930, 1991. The site was not visited. Old inhabitants of Mastov: 1982; O. Okac, 1983 in Prague and T. Kohn, 1984-85 in Zlutice were interviewed.
|Last Updated on Friday, 20 February 2009 06:02|