LIBAN: Jicin, Bohemia Print

 

US Commission No. CZCE000040

[Used cemetery at Domousice before 1910] Liban is located in Bohemia, Jicin. Cemetery: 900 m S of the square, close to the road leading to Psinice at 50º22 15º13, 11 km SW of Jicin and 21 km ESE of Mlada Boleslav. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with probably no Jews.

  • Town: Obecni urad, namesti Svobody 36, 507 23 Liban; tel. 0433/6191.
  • Regional: Okresni Urad, Referat Kultury, 506 01 Jicin; tel. 0433/412; and Zidovska Nabozenska Obec v Praze, Maislova 18, 110 01 Praha 1; tel. 02/231-69-25.
  • Interested: Okresni Muzeum, namesti 1, 506 11 Jicin; tel. 0433/320-43 and (cusodian of former synagogue) Jan Svoboda, Lindnerova 346, 507 23 Liban.
  • Caretaker with key: Hrbitovni sprava (Custodian of municipal cemetery), 507 23 Liban.

Earliest known Jewish community was 1849. 1930 Jewish population was 27. Religious society was founded probably before mid-19th century (regional congregation and rabbi were in Jicin 19th century and in Mlada Boleslav in 20th century.). Peak Jewish population was between 1900-1920 (about 50 people). Native town of young poet Jiri Daniel (1916-1945). The unlandmarked Jewish cemetery originated in 1910 with last known Conservative or Progressive/Reform Jewish burial 1949. The flat suburban agricultural area part of the municipal cemetery has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, acess is open to all via a continuous masonry wall (municipal cemetery), but no wall or fence (Jewish part). There is a locking gate (munipal cemetery), (Jewish part). The approximate size of cemetery before WWII was 0.04 ha s and is now 0.02 ha.

1-20 stones, all in original location, date from 20th century. The granite finely smoothed and inscribed stones or multi-stone monuments have Hebrew and Czech inscriptions. The cemetery contains no known mass graves but has a pre-burial house. The municipality owns property used for Jewish cemetery and others. Adjacent properties are agricultural and municipal cemetery. Frequently, private visitors and local residents stop. This cemetery was not vandalized. Local/municipal authorities did occasional restoration. Now, occasional clearing or cleaning by authroties' caretaker paid by a local contribution as part of municipal cemetery. Slight threat: vandalism.
Jiri Fiedler, z"l, Brdickova 1916, 155 00 Praha 5; tel. 02/55-33-40 completed survey on 18 August 1992. Documentation: census 1849, 1885, 1900, 1921, 1930; Gustav A Schimmer: Statistik des Judenthums... (1873): and letters and notes of J.Svoboda, see 12, probably deceased (1982-1983). The site was not visited. J. Svoboda, Liban, was interviewed in 1982.

Last Updated on Thursday, 19 February 2009 14:11