|DIVISOV: Benesov, Bohemia|
cemetery photo [February 2009]
US Commission No. CZCE000224
Earliest known Jewish community originated in 1776. 1930 Jewish population was 20. The Jews moved to big towns after 1848. Independent Jewish congregation disbanded in 1930. Writer Frantisek Kafka (1909-1991) spent his childhood here. The landmarked Jewish cemetery originated in perhaps 1776 with last known Conservative Jewish burial probably in 1930s. The flat isolated rural (agricultural) site without sign or marker. Reached by crossing private property off a public road road and a field. Open to all, the cemetery is surrounded by a broken masonry wall (but still quite sturdy) and non-locking gate. The pre- and post-WWII size of cemetery is 0.3072 ha.
20-100 stones date from the end of 18th-20th century. The granite and sandstone flat shaped stones, finely smoothed and inscribed stones, flat stones with carved relief decoration, double tombstones or multi-stone monuments have inscriptions in Hebrew, German and Czech. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Within the limits of the site is a pre-burial house. Prague Jewish community owns the Jewish cemetery. Adjacent properties are agricultural. Occasionally, private visitors and local residents stop. Vandalism occurred during World War II, occasionally 1945-1991. Local non-Jewish residents and Jewish groups within country did last repair about 1914--mortuary. There is no maintenance. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion and pollution. Slight threat: vegetation, vandalism, and existing and proposed nearby development.
|Last Updated on Thursday, 12 February 2009 12:42|