|CHRUDIM: Pardubice, Bohemia|
Alternate names: Chrudim [Cz, Ger]. 49°57' N, 15°48' E, 60 miles E of Praha , 6 miles S of Pardubice (Parbutitz). 1921 Jewish population: 150.
Cemetery photos [February 2009]
US Commission No. CZCE000326:
Chrudim is located in Bohemia, Chrudim at 49º07' 15º08', 8 km S of Pardubice; 27 km S of Hradec Kralove. The cemetery is located in Novomestska Street. 900 m SE of the main square. Present town population is 5,000-25,000 with no or fewer than 10 Jews.
Earliest known Jewish community was minyan since 1860. 1930 Jewish population was 117. Jewish congregation founded after 1859 and disbanded about 1894-1895; religious society with prayer-hall existed up to 1941. The unlandmarked Jewish cemetery originated in 1889 with last known Conservative Jewish burial probably before 1943. The flat urban location, separate but near cemeteries, has a sign or plaque in Czech: " Death-Jews Gate of Life". Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open with permission via continuous masonry wall and locking gate. The pre- and post-WWII size of cemetery is 0.233 ha. The cemetery has no special sections.
100-500 1889-1890-20th century stones are most in original locations. The marble, granite and sandstone finely smoothed and inscribed stones or multi-stone monuments have Hebrew, German and Czech inscriptions. Some tombstones have iron decorations or lettering, with bronze decorations or lettering and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Within the limits of the site is a pre-burial house. Praha Jewish community owns the site now used only for Jewish cemetery. Adjacent properties are agricultural and municipal cemeteries. Occasionally, private visitors stop. Vandalism occurred 1945-1981. Local/municipal authorities, regional/national authorities and Jewish groups within country did restoration in 1990. Now, there is occasional clearing or cleaning by individuals and regular caretaker paid by Praha Jewish congregation. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, vegetation and vandalism. Slight threat: weather erosion, pollution, existing and proposed nearby development.
|Last Updated on Thursday, 15 September 2011 17:08|