WRIEZEN: Märkisch-Oderland, Brandenburg Print

Coat of arms of Wriezen52°43′0″N 14°07′59″E.  Wriezen is a town in Märkisch-Oderland, Brandenburg, 11 km SE of Bad Freienwalde. Jewish history. Jewish history. In 1677, shortly after Elector Friedrich Wilhelm allowed jews to settle in Brandenburg through his edict of 1671, Jews settled although during the 18th century, Prussian policy toward Jews was restrictive so the congregation remained small. Status as "protection Jew" ["protected Jew"] was restricted to few, leading to younger siblings leaving. State regulated economic policy restricted freedom of trade, leading to the impoverishment of most Jewish families in Wriezen. In the 18th century, no organized congregational activity existed. The Jews of Wriezen built their first synagogue in 1820, replacing it with a larger one in 1886. The Emancipation Edict of 1812 improved the general situation leading to an influx of Jews to Wriezen although legal equality was withheld until the German Empire was founded in 1871. In the first half of the 19th century, the Jewish economic situation was quite modest but improved toward the end of the century. Population increased in the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century to a constant 100 to 120 At least 59 Wriezen Jews were deported and murdered between 1940 and 1945. They are commemorated in Yad Vashem Memorial. [August 2012]

cemetery: 16269 Brandenburg (Gerz, Peters). Cemetery may date from 1730 with 131 gravestones, the earliest dated 1773. The final burial is 1940. history. [August 2012]

Last Updated on Wednesday, 29 August 2012 16:50