|RADUN: Voranava district, Hrodna Voblast [Rodin, Radin]|
Alternate names: Radun Радунь [Rus], Raduń [Bel, Pol], Radin [Yid], Rodin, Russian/Belarusian: Радунь, Radin, Radunj, Radunskaya. 1900 Jewish population: 896. 54°03' N, 25°00' E, 16 miles NW of Lida. Radun was in the second uchastok of Lida district, which was Vilna Guberniya of Lithuania and then Grodno Guberniya of Russia, and Nowogrodskie Powiat of Poland between WWI and WWII. Voranava district, Hrodna Voblast. home of Rabbi Yisrael Meir Kagan, known as the Chofetz Chaim, and his Raduń Yeshiva.
Shtetlink. [March 2009]
They were brought to the marketplace in the middle of the town and made to kneel with heads down. Those who tried to escape were shot. 3,400 Jews of Radun were taken to the Jewish cemetery and shot at specially prepared pits-- over 1,600 women and over 800 children. A group of Jews dug and filled the graves. photos of the massacre site of 2130 Jews of the town on 10 May 1942 and memorial. [April 2009]
Cemetery photos. [February 2010]
Hebrew website and photo [Apr 2014]: "forced labor. Edicts of the Jews and their property confiscated. Established a Judenrat which six members, led by Noah Dolinsky. In October 1941, the Jewish ghetto Radin and the environment at the northern end of Radin. Jews were living in 1700. On May 8, 1942 surrounded the ghetto, 100 Jews took to dig out of Radin. Jews generally attacked the Germans and 17 Jews were able to escape. After complete ignorance which killed about 1,000 Jews. 300 Jews remained in the ghetto were transferred on June 7, 1942 the ghetto Stz'otz'in (50 km south of birth, county Novardok).About 600 Jews Radin and environment fled to the forests and joined the partisans Russians and Poles (an army approaching), it is not always welcomed them into their ranks, most were murdered or killed. By the end of the war survived 32 Jews Radin. After the war, the Jews returned Radin town, a short time later moved to western Poland and others immigrated to Israel." Buried there:
On the road from Raduń to Nowy Dwór, about 1 km SWof the town is the Jewish cemetery on the flat land to the east of the road. A concrete semi-manufactured wall with two gates in the north and in the west surround this rectangular 2.8 ha cemetery. Some cleaning has been done and the cemetery well kempt. The north side is part of the old cemetery with graves stretching about 100 meters southwards, but none are visible to the south. The west gate main entrance with stylized six metal poles holding a large vertical Mogen David made from metal angle plates. Fewer than one hundred 19th century matzevot are visible in the old northern part of the cemetery, lining the alley from north to south, probably not their original place. In the middle of the cemetery to the west is a row of seven sarcophagi made from concrete wiht no symbols or inscriptions. 90 meters past the entry gate is a mass grave of Jews from Raduń killed by Nazis in May 1942, 60-meters long with a metal fence, inside is a tall stele made from black granite with inscription in Russian, English and Hebrew commemorating the victims of the Holocaust reading: " ZDJES POKOITSJA 2130 JEWRIEJEW ZWJERSKI UNICZTOŻJENYCH NIEMCAMI I ICH POSOBNIKAMI 10 MAJA 1942 G.", "2130 JEWS WERE SLAUGHTERED AND BURIED IN THIS MASS GRAVE BY THE GERMANS AND THEIR HELPERS ON 10 MAY 1942". Behind a mass grave is a contemporary tombstone of Adam Abraszka Rogowski with no burial date. Thecemetery is covered with grass with young deciduous trees behind the mass grave. The wall/fence is lined with young spruce. Source: Zabytkowe cmentarze na Kresach Wschodnich Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej. Województwo nowogródzkie. Lewkowska Anna, Lewkowski Jacek, Walczak Wojciech. 2008. See photos from source. [Oct 2014]
|Last Updated on Saturday, 18 October 2014 19:51|