NAVAHRUDAK: Grodno [Novogrudok,Novaredok, Novogrudek, Novohorodok, Novradok, Nowogrudok, Nowogradek, Navharadak, Nawahradak, Nowogródek, Navaredok , Naugardukas , Print

Rabbi Meir Rfovic-law of Rabbi Elchanan Official seal of Навагрудак / Navahrudak Alternate names: Navahrudak [Bel], Novogrudok [Rus], Nowogródek [Pol], Navaredok [Yid], Naugardukas [Lith], Novaredok, Novogrudek, Novohorodok, Novradok, Nowogrudok, Nowogradek, Navharadak, Nawahradak, Belarusian: Наваградак. Russian: Новогрудок. נאַוואַרעדאָק-Yiddish: 53°36' N, 25°50' E. 82 miles E of Hrodna (Grodno), 74 miles WSW of Minsk, 29 miles SE of Lida in Novogrudok uezd, Minsk guberniya-Minsk Oblast, 73.7 miles WSW of Minsk. Town and cemetery images and links. JOWBR burial list: Jewish Cemetery. Jewish community dates from 1529.

Most of Jewish ghetto of 10,000 were killed in the Holocaust, 6,000 from the town itself and the remainder from the surroundings, but are not buried in a mass grave in the cemetery as are the 52 victims killed on July 26, 1941 and buried somewhere within the cemetery. Some escaped via a tunnel and others with the Bielsky partisans. photos of Navahradak cemetery. Prior WWII, the population was 20,000, of which about half were Jewish. Actions  killed all but 550 of the approximately 10,000 Jews. Those not killed were sent into slave labor. Navahradak was home to the Harkavy Jewish family, including Alexander Harkavy. Some of the Harkavy family are buried at the Jewish cemetery of Navahrudak. All gravestones were removed by the communist authorities in 1958 to build nearby garages and pavements. Jewish history.  [March 2007]

KehilaLink [Mar 2013]

Hebrew website with photo: "The first mention of the Jewish community dates from 1484, when King Casimir IV Jagiello appointed from four Jewish residents of the city to collect taxes. Community is also mentioned in the 16th century in one of his answers of Rabbi Shlomo Luria. In 1563 King Sigmund decided other than Jews to live only a specific part of the city streets and lodged and Trumko, and forbade them to build new homes on the street Fodliska. The Great Synagogue was built in 1648. In 1888 there were 15 religious schools. Some famous rabbis served the community Ruthenia: Rabbi David ben Moshe, author of "revelation Tractate", served as rabbi of the city between 1794-1837. In 1851-64 he served as Chief Rabbi of Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Spektor. Rabbi Baruch Mordechai Lifshitz until 1883. In 1883-98 he served in the rabbinate, Rabbi Yechiel Michel Epstein, the author of texts on the order table is set. Established in 1896 in "meeting Novardok", when the region became the focus of battles between the armies of Germany and Russia, moved to Gomel. The last of the city was Meir Snishinr. On 22 June 1941 the Germans invaded the Soviet Union, and 23 the same month, the Red Army withdrew from the city.The Germans entered on July 3, and immediately began a gradual murder of Jews and limited their movement. Jews were forced to wear yellow badges, they were confined to exit out of town, they were forbidden to buy food and they were concentrated in the ghetto. Head of the Judenrat was appointed judge Tzhanovsky, he had to send people to hard labor. A few days later the Germans gathered a group of 70 Jewish community leaders, including doctors, lawyers and teachers, and murdered them out of town. Then assembled merchants and professionals and sent to the city Krsktin, where they were murdered. December EK soldiers performed the first action, and killed some of the people who work with their families in the woods near the city. On August 7, 1942 killed about 2,000 people more out of town. On February 4, 1943 killed 500 Persico ghetto inmates. On May 7, 1943 there was another mass murder and -375 people were killed in the ghetto workers, only 300 survived a labor camp. Many Jews joined the partisans after the second and third action, but some of them died later Semitic battalion.After the city was liberated by the Soviets left most of the surviving Jews of Poland by a population exchange agreement and then came to Israel. Buried there: Novardok grandfather (grave moved to Israel). Rabbi Yechiel Michel Epstein has set the table (buried in the middle of the mountain).

MASS GRAVE: photos of the massacre site/mass grave of more than 3000 Jews in the Jewish cemetery. [March 2009]

CEMETERY: photos of 326 gravestones from November 2008 taken by Franklin Swartz.  [June 2009] cemetery photos. [February 2010]


Last Updated on Wednesday, 09 April 2014 20:11