COBURG:96450, Bavaria, Upper Franconia (Gerz, Peters).
DISTRICT: Urban district.
CEMETERIES: I. Middle Ages cemetery, II. The "Simon" (private) cemetery, III. Jewish community cemetery.
I. Middle Ages.
LOCATION: outside the Judentor between Judengasse and Walkmühlgasse.
IN USE: From around the mid 14th until the mid 15th century.
The existence of a synagogue was recorded in 1393. This community virtually ceased to exist from around the mid-15th Century until it was re-established in 1872. During re-construction of the house in Judengasse 50 in 1896, bones and a gravestone with Hebrew inscription dated 1457 were unearthed.
During the 19th/20th century the Coburg Jewish community initially used the the cemeteries in Autenhausen und Untermerzbach for burials, with the exception of members of the Simon family, who established their own burial ground in 1860. There were no more burials after the departure of the last member of this family in 1913. This cemetery, which is kept in good order, is enclosed by a wooden fence, with 6 gravestones and some fragments still in evidence.
The Jewish section of this cemetery has a wooden as well as a metal gate and is separated from the large general city cemetery by a hedge. Opposite the wooden gate are 2 large memorials, one in honour of Jewish soldiers who lost their lives during WW1 and the other in honour and memory of the named victims of Fascism from Coburg. This cemetery was spared desecration during the Nazi era.
The cemetery is kept in very good order by the city of Coburg and is protected under a preservation order for sites of historic interest