AUB Print
AUB: 97239  Bavaria, Lower Franconia  (Gerz, Peters).

DISTRICT: Würzburg (Wuerzburg).

LOCATION OF CEMETERIES:

  • I. Old cemetery: was immediately behind old city wall and opposite city tower. It is now a small empty area with a dignified monument, erected in 1988, in memory of the cemetery and the now extinct Jewish community.
  • II. New cemetery: entrance directly opposite Harbachweg 4.

IN USE:

  • I. From about 1632 until 1880.
  • II. From about 1880 until around 1939.

NUMBER OF GRAVESTONES:

  • I. None, only a memorial.
  • II. Approximately 30 gravestones.

DOCUMENTATION:

  • Numerous individual gravestone photographs and general cemetery views in Alemannia Judiaca

PUBLICATIONS:

  • In Schwierz - refer to Sources below.
  • Michael Trüger: Der jüdische Friedhof in Aub. In: Der Landesverband der Israelitischen Kultusgemeinden in Bayern. 8. Jg. Nr. 60 December 1993 page 18.Abstract (in German).
  • Jutta Sporck-Pfitzer: Die ehemaligen juedischen Gemeinden im Landkreis Würzburg publ. Landkreis Wuerzburg, Echter Verlag 1988, 80 pages, ill., maps, tables (LBI).

NOTES:

  • A Jewish community existed in Aub since the 13th century, possibly even earlier, but did not survive the Nazi era.
  • The old cemetery was established shortly after 1631. Prior to 1630 the Aub Jewish community is likely to have used the in Rödelsee cemetery for burials. Between 1665 and 1695 the cemeteries in Eibelstadt and from time to time also those in Allersheim, Rödelsee and Laudenbach were used, although the reasons for this remain obscure. From around 1700 burial resumed in Aub. The old cemetery was one of the oldest Jewish cemeteries in Germany.
  • When all the available space in the old cemetery had been filled with graves, a new cemetery was laid out around 1880, maybe even a little earlier, situated diagonally across the old cemetery ground. The new cemetery area is of an elongated shape.
  • A solid wall was constructed around the new cemetery in 1923. The western side of this wall contains some 40 gravestones taken from the old cemetery, when the latter was eventually banked up in the early1920s, together with the town's moat.
  • The cemetery is very well cared for and contains a memorial in honour of the Fallen Jewish soldiers from WW1.

SOURCE: Alemannia Judaica and Schwierz, pages 36-38 (LBI).

(Researched and translated from German July 2009)

Last Updated on Wednesday, 15 July 2009 18:21