RHEINAU: Ortenau.district (Freistett , Diersheim, Hausgereut, Helmlingen, Holzhausen, Honau, Linx, Memprechtshofen and Rheinbischofsheim. Freistett, Helmlingen, Memprechtshofen, Rheinbischofsheim, Hausgereut, Diersheim, Linx, Hohbühn, Holzhausen and Hona Print

Coat of arms of Rheinau,48°40' N 7°55' E, 358.2 miles SW of Berlin  Rheinau is located in the Upper Rhine River Plains directly on the Rhine at the German-French border. The center of town is located immediately on the Rhine crossing to France and the southern borough of Linx is not far from Kehl and Strasbourg. Rheinau is made up of the boroughs of Freistett (Hauptort and administrative seat of Rheinau with city hall), Diersheim, Hausgereut, Helmlingen, Holzhausen, Honau, Linx, Memprechtshofen and Rheinbischofsheim. The town is a combination of the formerly independent communities of Freistett, Helmlingen, Memprechtshofen, Rheinbischofsheim, Hausgereut, Diersheim, Linx, Hohbühn, Holzhausen and Honau.

The synagogue in Rheinbischofsheim ( Rheinau , Ortenaukreis) and Website of the city Rheinau [Mar 2013]

Jewish community history. [Mar 2013]

Memorial Book - Victims of the Persecution of Jews under the Nazi regime in Germany 1933 - 1945 .

Joachim Hahn and Jürgen Krüger: Synagogues in Baden-Wuerttemberg . Volume 2: Joachim Hahn: places and institutions . Theiss, Stuttgart 2007, ISBN 978-3-8062-1843-5Memorial Book of the synagogues in Germany . Volume 4)

JEWISH CEMETERY:

Jewish cemetery in Freistett (Neufreistett, city Rheinau . (August 15, 2011): Gerd Hirschberg history of the Jewish communities and Freistett Rheinbischofsheim. about 300 pages. documented in detail the history of the Jewish cemetery Freistett and the lives of Jewish families in the late 19th century based on excerpts from the document archive Rheinau community. The emphasis is on information from the site Freistett because the archive of the municipality Rheinbischofsheim was destroyed due to enemy action. The documentary ends with the presentation of the fate of the former Jewish Freistetter and Rhine Bischofsheimer in the Nazi period, as reconstructed from the restitution records are. requests to Gerd Hirschberg via  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it [gehirschberg (at) gmx.de]. [Mar 2013]

The Freistett Jews first were buried in Kuppenheim. By 1830, a separate cemetery in Won "Hungerfeld" at today's B 36 / Parcel 1400/1, space was created 29.4 ar), for the Jews from RheinbischofsheimKehl (until 1924), Bodersweier and Lichtenau mit benutzten. In the cemetery is a memorial for the  Lichtenau Jewish community members fallen in the First World War. [Mar 2013]

RHEINAU Baden, 77866 Baden-Württemberg (Gerz, Peters).
incorporating FREISTETT and RHEINBISCHOFSHEIM:

DISTRICT: Ortenaukreis.
LOCATION OF CEMETERY in FREISTETT: near road junction B36/L87 (Detail).
IN USE: From around 1810 until 1939. Oldest located datable gravestone 1817.
NUMBER OF GRAVESTONES: 618.
DOCUMENTATION:
  • 1987 photographs of all gravestones with mapping of graves by Zentralarchiv.
  • 1996 cemetery documentation including above photographs by the Office for Historic Monuments (Landesdenkmalamt ed. Monika Preuss).
  • Numerous photographs of individual gravestones and general cemetery views in Alemannia Judaica.
PUBLICATIONS:
NOTES:
  • Prior to having their own cemetery, the Freistett Jewish community used the cemetery in Kuppenheim (Hundsnurscher/Taddey 1968, page 94).
  • The first use of the cemetery in Freistett is variously given as between 1810 and 1830. This cemetery was also used for burials by the Jewish communities of Rheinbischofsheim, Kehl (until 1924), Bodersweier and Lichtenau.
  • The cemetery has a memorial plaque erected in honour of the Jewish soldiers from Lichtenau, who fell during WW1.
  • The first case of vandalism of this cemetery was reported to have occurred on 21 April 1931, carried out by two 19 year old members of the Nazi party. A second case was reported to have happened a month later. By this time reports of vandalism of Jewish cemeteries throughout Germany had risen to 120.
SOURCES: University of Heidelberg and Alemannia Judaica.

LOCATION OF CEMETERY in RHEINBISHOFSHEIM - Gewann Schiessrain.
IN USE: only one datable gravestone 1819.
NUMBER OF GRAVESTONES: 1 (Family grave).
DOCUMENTATION:
  • One photographs of a single gravestone and 2 general cemetery views in Alemannia Judaica.
PUBLICATIONS:
  • History, photograph and translation of gravestone inscription by Honold 1985.
NOTES:
  • The Jewish community of Rheinbischofsheim used the cemetery in Kuppenheim and, from 1830 onwards, in Freistett (Hahn 1988, page 414).
  • Around 1800 one member of the community, Löw Simson, urged the community to acquire their own local burial ground. This was not accepted by the community, who continued to use the Kuppenheim cemetery. Löw Simon achieved the distinction of having established the smallest Jewish cemetery in Baden-Württemberg for himself and his family.
SOURCES: University of Heidelberg and Alemannia Judaica.

[Researched and translated from German October 2008].

To see information and photographs of individual gravestones in cemeteries in Baden-Wuerttemberg, click on this link and follow the directions on that page.

Last Updated on Saturday, 30 March 2013 19:30