|MÜNSINGENl Muensingen,incorporating BUTTENHAUSEN: in district of Reutlingen|
MÜNSINGEN, Muensingen, incorporating BUTTENHAUSEN: 48°25' N 9°30' E. Münsingen is the geographically largest municipality in the district of Reutlingen between Reutlingen and Ulm in the Neckar-Alb region and (98.5%) part of the biosphere reserve Swabian Alb . Münsingen includes the districts Apfelstetten, Bichishausen, Buttenhausen Gundelfingen andHundersingen in the valley of the Big Lauter and Auingen, Böttingen, Bremelau, Dottingen, Magolsheim, Rietheim and Trail Osterfingen Münsinger on the Swabian Alb. A farming village owned by local aristocrats until 1805 when several noble families owned it in 1782. In 1755, sporadically Jews arrivedin Buttenhausen. In 1787 Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Liebenstein invited more Jewish families to the town with "Decree on the citizenry to Buttenhausen acceptance of those concerning Jews" of 20 May 1787 for religious tolerance and promotion of trade and industry. Traditional Jews in neighboring Württemberg received a letter of protection on 7 July 1787 with 21 articles containing detailed provisions for the life of the Jewish communities. The letter guaranteed the free exercise of religion and a certain self-governance. Soon after the arrival of the first Jews came ypical Jewish community institutions. The settlement of Jews became the impetus for major economic prosperity in the 19th and turn of the 20th century. The Nazis ended the Christian-Jewish coexistence. Two large deportations of local Jews to Riga in 1941 and 1942 to Theresienstadt led to the extinction of the Jewish community. Unlike in other cities, after WWII, Buttenhausen Jewish life was celebrated. In memory Jewish local history in1 996, an Historical Tour Buttenhausen was established. 15 stations highlight the local history and culture of Jews born in Buttenhausen such as Charles Adler, Naphtali Berlinger, Lehmann Bernheimer, Matthias Erzberger and Theodore Rothschild. The places and houses of the one hour tour are described on information sign and a brochure. Guided tours require registration at least 3 weeks prior to the event. The fee for a guided tour is a group (30 persons) 50 EUR. Guided tours are available upon request in English. Contact: Municipal Archives Münsingen Steffen Dirschka Marktplatz 1 72525 Münsingen Tel: 07381/182115 [Mar 2013]
Jewish cemetery on Wikipedia.The older gravestones are simple and inscribed in Hebrew. Later gravestones were magnificently executed sometimes indicating something about the deceased. Gravestones of the 20th century were often cast stone. Since Jews to the Nazi era could not acquire gravestones wooden stelae were erected. They were replaced in the 1960s by simple gravestones. photo. oral history project. photos and map. photo. [Mar 2013]
72525 Baden-Württemberg (Gerz, Peters).
DISTRICT: Reutlingen.[Researched and translated from German July 2008)]
LOCATION OF CEMETERY: Buttenhausen – north face of Mühlenbergwald (Detail).
IN USE: From 1789 until 1942. Oldest legible dated gravestone 1802.
NUMBER OF GRAVESTONES: 399.
|Last Updated on Monday, 18 March 2013 21:20|