KIPPENHEIM incorporating SCHMIEHEIM: 48°18' N, 07°50' E, in SW Baden-Württemberg, near the French border. Kippenheim is a town in the district of Ortenau. Jewish population: 323 (in 1871). Kippenheim has restored its pre-war synagogue. Stef Wertheimer (born 1926), German-born Israeli entrepreneur and industrialist and politician. Founding director of the American Jewish Archives Selma Stern-Taeubler was born here on July 24, 1890. The first girl accepted to her local school, she graduated with honors in 1908 and summa cum laude from the University of Heidelberg with a doctorate in history from the University of Munich. She became the founding director of the American Jewish Archives at Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati and served as archivist until her retirement in 1960. [Feb 2013]
- Encyclopedia of Jewish Life (2001), p. 627: "Kippenheim".
- Pinkas HaKehilot, Germany, Vol. 2 (1986), p. 467: "Kippenheim"
- JewishGen GerSIG
77971 Baden-Württemberg. (Gerz, Peters)
(Translated from German May 2008)
DISTRICT: Ortenaukreis, community of Kippenheim.
LOCATION OF CEMETERY: From Schmieheim on the road to Waldorf, fork to Altdorf
IN USE: From 1701 (date of oldest identified gravestone) until 1941.
NUMBER OF GRAVESTONES: 2,491.
- 1988 photographs of all gravestones (2.368) with cemetery layout by Zentralarchiv.
- 1990-1996 photographs of all gravestones in Schmieheim.
- 1994-1998 documentation with photographs of gravestones by Naftali Bar-Giora Bamberger.
- A large number of gravestone and general cemetery photographs are in Alemannia Judaica.
- History, overview and individual gravestones photographs by Hundsnurscher/Taddey 1968, page 253, figs.# 187 and 189.
- History in Wimmer 1975.
- Photographic overview in Theobald 1984, page 99.
- Inscriptions and translations of 23 gravestones, including some photographs by Boll 1986.
- History by Macher 1987.
- History, inscriptions and translations of 4 selected gravestones by Uttenweiler 1988.
- History by Pommerening 1990, pages 99-102.
- History of the oldest gravestones (1701-1720) by Boll 1997a.
- History by Boll 1997b.
- Documentation by Bamberger 1999. (History, photographs of all gravestones, complete documentation of the older gravestones (about 530), basic documentationof the remaining gravestones).
- History by Boll 2000.
- Der jüdische Frieddhof in Schmieheim by the Evangelische Kirchengemeinde, Schmieheim.
- The creation of the Schmieheim cemetery was initiated in 1682 on the initiative of the Ettenheim Jewish community (see article by Günter Boll in Bamberger 1999, volume 2, pages 1069-1072, respectively Boll 2000). This cemetery was also used for burials by the communities of Altdorf, Ettenheim, Friesenheim, Kippenheim, Lahr, Nonnenweier, Orschweier and Rust. Schmieheim was the largest Jewish communities’ burial ground in South Baden.
- The cemetery contains a memorial, restored in 1998, in honour of the fallen Jewish soldiers of WW1.
- The mortuary was burnt to the ground in 1938 but remnants are still present in the cemetery. SOURCE: University of Heidelberg and Alemannia Judaica.