ALTERNATE NAMES: GAILINGEN [GER], GAYLINGEN, GAILINGEN AM HOCHRHEIN. In SE Germany, on the Swiss border. In Landkreis Konstanz, Wikipedia. 47°42' N, 08°45' E, Gailingen am Hochrhein is a municipality in the district of Konstanz and a nationally recognized resort. Jewish population: 663 (in 1900), 314 (in 1933). For centuries Gailingen had a large Jewish population. The first Jew settled at the end of the Thirty Years' War (1657). Twenty years later, the Chevra Kadisha was foundeed. The still well-preserved Jewish cemeterybegan. From 1827 to 1925 this was the seat of a rabbinate with a synagogue that lasted until Kristallnacht on 10 November 1938. The 1862 Jewish populaton was 50% (990 out of 982 Christians). From 1870 to 1884 a Jewish mayor, Leopold Guggenheim.. The community insitutuions were excellent. A Holocaust memorial was erected n the Jewish cemetery below the Bürgli-castle in 1948 for those in the 1940, Wagner Buerckel action or sent to Gurs concentration camp. Since 1976, in Synagogue Square is a memorial stone and a plaque for the synagogue destroyed in 1938. The Jewish cemetery established around 1650 has 1,244 gravestones, the oldest gravestone dating from 1695, the most recent burial in 1980. The Gailingen community center, formerly the Jewish school and community center, is now used among other things as a documentation center of Jewish history and culture of Lake Constance and the Upper Rhine. [Feb 2013]
From 1972 until 1975, the municipalities of Amlishagen, Dünsbach, Michelbach/Heide as well as Oberweiler und Unterweiler out of the municipality Wittenweiler were annexed following the Municipality Reform.
- Naftali Bar Giora Bamberger: The Jewish Cemetery in Gailingen / Bet ha-ha-Yehudi be-ḳevarot Gailingen, Memor-book, 2 vols . Community Gailingen, Association for the Conservation of the Jewish cemetery in Gailingen, Gailingen / Zurich 1994 (in German, grave inscriptions in German and Hebrew, 1889 Photos of all grave stones, copy and translation of which inscriptions, occupancy and list. Library of Congress Catalogue no. : 93117120 - no ISBN ).
- Frederick Eckhardt, Dagmar Schmieder Friedrich (eds.): The Gailinger Jews. Materials for the history of the Jewish community Gailingen from its glory days, and the years of violent suppression . In: Series of the Working Group for Regional History, number 3 eV . Working Group for Regional History, Konstanz 1981 , ISBN 3-923215-02-9 .
- Detlef Girres: In the Footsteps of the Jewish Gailingen . In: Alfred Georg Frei, Jens Runge (ed.): Remember. Concerns. Learning. The fate of Jews, forced laborers and prisoners of war between the Upper Rhine and Lake Constance in the years 1933 to 1945 (from the series: Hegau Library Volume 69). Second Edition. Thorbecke, Stuttgart 2001 , ISBN 978-3-7995-4127-5 , pp. 107-123 (1st edition Sigmaringen 1990).
- Regina Schmid: Lost home . Gailingen - a village and its Jewish community during the Weimar period .. In: Series of the Working Group for Regional History, No. 7 eV . Konstanz 1988 ,ISBN 3797702175 .
- Walter Wolf - on behalf of the community in conjunction with the Gailingen hegau Historical Association (ed.): Gailingen - story of a high-Rhine community. In: Hegau Library Volume 98 .Gulde pressure, Tübingen, ISBN 3-921413-93-1 .
- Frederick Eckhardt, Dagmar Schmieder: The Gailinger Jews . Materials for the history of the Jewish community Gailingen from its glory days, and the years of violent suppression. In: Working Group for Regional History Association (ed.): Series of the Working Group on Regional History Constance. 4th Edition. No. 3, Hartung-Gorre, Konstanz 2010 , ISBN 978-3-86628-347-3 .
- Alemannia Judaica: Gailingen community center - a center of Jewish history and culture on the Upper Rhine and Lake Constance
- Singener weekly, times in the district of Konstanz: emergence, flowering and violent end to the Jewish community Gailinger
- Encyclopedia of Jewish Life (2001), pp. 413-414: "Gailingen".
- Pinkas HaKehilot, Germany, Vol. 2 (1986), p. 284: "Gailingen".
- JewishGen GerSIG
78262 Baden-Württemberg (Gerz, Peters)
LOCATION OF CEMETERY: Bürglestrasse (DETAIL).
NUMBER OF GRAVESTONES: 1,244
- From around 1650 and still in use today. The oldest remaining gravestone dates from 1695 and the last burial took place in 1980.
- 1989 photographs of all gravestones and cemetery layout by Zentralarchiv.
- 1990-1994 full cemetery documentation including photographs, inscription and translation of gravestones by Bamberger.
- History in Gailingen 1926, pages 9-10.
- Overall cemetery photograph and photographs of individual gravestones by Hundsnurscher/Taddey 1968, figures #70 and 71
- Overall cemetery photograph by Theobald 1984, page 94.
- Full cemetery documentation by Bamberger 1994 including gravestone inscriptions as well as burial register and cemetery plan.
- History, photographs and general information by Bürgerhaus Gailingen - Zentrum jüdischer Geschichte und Kultur am Bodensee und Hochrhein e.V.
- (Alemannia Judaica).
- Further material donated by Martin Ullman, 1964, E. Hasgall, 1964; Period covered: 1965-1972. 17 items. Location at LBI: Gailingen; Jewish community collection; Storage-location: A 15/7; Accession Numbers): AR 2431.
- Numerous photographs of gravestones and general cemetery views in Alemannia Judaica.
- This cemetery was also used for burials by the Jewish communities of Wangen and Worblingen until 1827 and 1857 respectively.
- The mortuary is still in evidence today. One of its walls holds a memorial plaque, rescued from the synagogue destroyed in 1938, honouring the 16 Jewish men who lost their lives during WW1. There is also a memorial, erected in 1949, honouring the Jewish Gailingen citizens who were deported and perished during the Nazi era.
SOURCE: University of Heidelberg and Alemannia Judaica.
[Researched and translated from German February 2008]
To see information and photographs of individual gravestones in cemeteries in Baden-Wuerttemberg, click on this link and follow the directions on that page.