GAYSIN: [Geysin Gysin, Uysin, HAYSYN ,Aisin, Galshin] Vinnytsya oblast Print

Alternate names: Haysyn Гайсин [Ukr], Gaysin Гайсин [Rus], Haysin [Yid], Hajsyn [Pol], Haďssyn, Haisîn, Hajsin, Heisen, Haisyn, Heysyn, Gaissin, Gaisin, Gajsin, Guysin, Gysin (Heb. Geysin, Uysin, Aisin, Galshin),. 48°48' N, 29°24' E, 51 miles SE of Vinnytsya (Vinnitsa), 37 miles W of Uman.. Jewish population: 4,321 (in 1897), 4,109 (in 1939).

Gaysin Jewish Community
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Chairman: Yuriy Doroshev
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Address: 21, Proletarska Street, Gaysin, Vinnytsya region Ukraine
Phone: 380-4334 26306 
Region: 02 Vinnytsya region
Profile: 3.1 Jewish Community and Welfare Centers
Corporation: Chabad

Source with photos. "Gysin (Heb. Geysin, old names Uysin, Aisin, Galshin), city, regional center of Vinnitsa region of Ukraine, until 1923 the county town of Podolia. In January 1744 he received from King Augustus III town privileges based on the Magdeburg Law including permission for the four-week unit fairs a year. Apparently, at this time the Jews had settled in the city. In 1765, more than sixty Jews Gysin lived in 18 homes, just as the community has been attributed to 150 Jews, including those who lived in the village and in the surrounding villages. known that in 1800 the county was in Haissinsky 10 merchants, and to in 1805 their number has doubled, they were all Jews. In 1827, seven of the guild of merchants Gysin six - Jews. In 1834, the Jewish community numbered 1,692 Gysin. It contained a synagogue, Beit Midrash, two prayer houses and 6 headers. The city had three rabbis two Shames, 4 Gabay, one reader of the Torah scroll, the two men, in trumpeting the shofar on Rosh Hashanah ("baal current"). The community also contained two and three Shoikhet mogeley. In 1843 he settled in the rich merchant Gysin Israel Rozin (Rosing), who took to the mercy of alcohol production and sale of alcohol. During raging in Gysin in 1855 cholera epidemic Rosin took the fees and delivery to patients city doctor, all the necessary drugs and medicines, as well as free distribution of alcohol. In 1852, Gysin was registered in 60 re ¬ artisans Christians artisans and 76 Jews. In 1853, according to official figures in Gysin were wooden synagogue (504 parishioners) and three prayer houses (309, 287, 137 parishioners, respectively. In 1862, 2175 Jews owned 262 houses, the community was a big stone synagogues and prayer houses 4. moved to the growing city of Jews from the surrounding villages. Thus, the number of communities has increased markedly after the Jews from the shtetl Kuhn moved to Gaisin almost at full strength. The town has six thousandth Jewish population were organized six "spiritual boards "(synagogue and five houses of worship). pogrom wave in 1905 and passed through Gajsinsky county. pogrom Gysin was conceived by typical mu ¬ railway stations scenario. Group agitators thugs moved by rail from town to town, finding support among the local population, suit robbery of Jewish shops, stores, apartments, not ostanavlyavayas to violence and murder. In 1917 seven thousand Jews Gysin constituted more than half the city's population . Employment in industry and commerce, the Jews inhabited the central districts of the city. bloody pogrom in Gysin was arranged gang Volynets and peasants from nearby villages on May 12, 1919., which killed about 400 Jews.According to the recollections of local, killing stopped only after the intervention of members of the Ukrainian intelligentsia. In October 1919 the city was occupied by Denikin's troops in February 1920 - the Red Army in May 1920 - Tiutiunnik gang, and after it - gang Volynets . Each transition town hands accompanied by pogroms and looting ¬ mi. Soviet government encouraged "building proletarian Jewish culture."This wave in Gysin opened Jewish secondary school and medical school teaching in Yiddish. In Gysin also opened three Jewish children's home, the two of them had large farms with livestock and poultry. In 1923, the city had been organized Jewish railway management courses at the South-Western Railway for boys pogromlennyh of cities and towns in Podolia. Some Time went on and traditional community life.Jews gathered in the "big" in the synagogue and the synagogue, a building which is now located at the textile factory. Gysin was organized in the Jewish collective farm.At the end of the 1930s. intensified attack on the religious community, the largest synagogue was demolished and a small closed. The community was only one house of worship. Then was closed and a Jewish school. Before the war Gysin lived 4109 Jews (28% of the population). town was occupied by German troops July 25, 1941 Unlike most places described in this book, Gysin, located to the east of the Southern Bug , was in German and not in the Romanian occupation zone. "The first massacre of the Jewish population in the amount of 1,300 people was held September 16, 1941 This was the first victim, taken by surprise. Among them were killed Dr. Pesis, Timanovsky and others. Remaining Jewish population was ordered to move to the German commandant set Working ghetto street. In other parts of the city to live the Jewish population was forbidden. The second massacre of the remaining Jewish population was exactly a month. As in the first and in the second case death subjected the entire Jewish population, not excluding the elderly, women and children, even infants. Stripped of all their in-dash military camp and drove to the graves naked shot. Children usually thrown into the pit alive. Individual Jews who had taken refuge after the discovery of buried in the ground alive "from the act of the Commission of Inquiry on Crimes German occupiers Haissinsky area from 24 June 1941 to 13 March 1944 In the tract Belendiyka under Gysin was shot more than 4,000 people. After the first two shares destruction were left alive as the "experts" about 150 Jews. Shootings of Jews of the ghetto continued thereafter (7 - 10 May 1942). At Gysin was organized and the concentration camp, which contained about four thousand Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina, as well as from neighboring towns. They were used as labor on the construction of a bridge on the road to Vinnitsa. Most of them died during construction, and the rest (about a thousand people) were shot and buried under the bridge. By the end of occupation, in marte1944 Gysin was about twenty Jews. Names of Ukrainians who saved Jews from extermination. This Myasnikov codend and Efrosinja Semeniuk, who saved seven Jews. German Agricultural Commissioner Fritz Ginzel, originally "Volksdeutsche" also hid Jews, he was shot by the NKVD in 1944 among guerrilla groups based in the forest near Scheblyanskom Gysin, was a separate Jewish squad unfit for combat due to the former of a large number women, children and the elderly. It covered the other units, which fought as part of many Jews. During the postwar years, Gysin, a city with a population of twenty thousand, lived more than a thousand Jews. At this time their lives retained some traditional features: going to minyan, worked Shoikhet, celebrate Jewish holidays, the vast majority of Jews fasted on Yom Kippur.In 1998, there were more than 150 Gysin Jews. in 2012 is home to several dozen Jews active Jewish communities." Lukin, "100 Jewish towns in Ukraine" Detailed photos.

CEMETERY:

Jewish cemetery Ukraine Gysin July 2011 Еврейское кладбище, Украина, Гайсин, Июль 2011

 

 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 01 April 2014 22:25